Israel Defense Forces - - Foreign Military Units

Israel Defense Forces

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Tzva Hahagana LeYisra'el (help·info)lit. "The Army of Defense for Israel", commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal (צה״ל), are the military forces of the State ofIsrael. They consist of the ground forcesair force, and navy. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of IsraelLieutenant general (Rav AlufGadi Eizenkot has served as Chief of Staff since 2015.

An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 officially set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah, incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi. The IDF served as Israel's armed forces in all the country's major military operations—including the 1948 War of Independence1951–1956 Retribution operations1956 Sinai War1964–1967 War over Water1967 Six-Day War1967–1970 War of Attrition1968 Battle of Karameh1973 Operation Spring of Youth1973 Yom Kippur War1976 Operation Entebbe1978 Operation Litani1982 Lebanon War1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict1987–1993 First Intifada2000–2005 Second Intifada2002 Operation Defensive Shield2006 Lebanon War2008–2009 Operation Cast Lead2012 Operation Pillar of Defense, and 2014 Operation Protective Edge. The number of wars and border conflicts in which the IDF has been involved in its short history makes it one of the most battle-trained armed forces in the world.[8][9] While originally the IDF operated on three fronts—against Lebanon andSyria in the north, Jordan and Iraq in the east, and Egypt in the south—after the 1979 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, it has concentrated its activities in southern Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, including the First and the Second Intifada.

The Israel Defense Forces differs from most armed forces in the world in many ways. Differences include the mandatory conscription of women and its structure, which emphasizes close relations between the army, navy, and air force. Since its founding, the IDF has been specifically designed to match Israel's unique security situation. The IDF is one of Israeli society's most prominent institutions, influencing the country's economy, culture and political scene. In 1965, the Israel Defense Forces was awarded the Israel Prize for its contribution to education.[10] The IDF uses several technologies developed in Israel, many of them made specifically to match the IDF's needs, such as the Merkava main battle tankAchzarit armoured personnel carrier, high tech weapons systems, the Iron Dome missile defense system, Trophy active protection system for vehicles, and the Galiland Tavor assault rifles. The Uzi submachine gun was invented in Israel and used by the IDF until December 2003, ending a service that began in 1954. Following 1967, the IDF has close military relations with the United States,[11] including development cooperation, such as on the F-15I jet, THEL laser defense system, and the Arrow missile defense system.

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