Military in the U.S.
The prime responsibility of the Military forces is to protect the sovereignty and Integrity of United States of America. It has the right to retaliate any threat or attack on its air, water or soil. It has the right to defend itself from threats of other nations and carry out operations on foreign soil. Law enforcement on the other hand, deals with enforcing the laws of the land, which is continuously monitored by the police department. Military and Law Enforcement agencies differ in their organizational structure and basic functioning, but they work for the same common goal.
The Military Forces in the USA consists of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and the Coast Guard. Each Military branch consists of two main components - the active component and the reserve component. The active component is the operational force, which consists of a number of departments, small and large, that undertakes military operations all over the world. The United States reserve component consists of the Army Reserve and Army National Guard, which stands as backup force in case of emergencies. The active component of each force can be broadly divided into operational and institutional sectors. The operational arm carries out the actual military operations, while the institutional organizations provide the core infrastructure and support necessary for smooth functioning of the operational sector. Recruitment, training and logistics form a huge part of the institutional organization.
The authority in the military is presented in a hierarchical structure with a system of military rankings denoting levels of authority within the organization. The manpower is classified as officer corps and the enlisted personnel. The officer performs managerial tasks and supervises the day-to-day military operations undertaken by the enlisted personnel. The military also maintains a number of military awards and badges that denotes the accomplishments of personnel in uniform. The president of the United States is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. At the top level of the hierarchy, the National Security Council helps coordinate military action with diplomatic action.
Law enforcement within the US is carried out by the police department. The police force is responsible for safety, security, peace and general well being of a community as a whole. The Police are on a constant monitor of various activities in their respective territories to prevent any event or act which would directly or indirectly harm a citizen or group of citizens residing in that area. The Police are also responsible for crime fighting and crime prevention. The FBI consists of professional crime fighters who are trained to carry out operations in crime detection and prevention skillfully and meticulously. Rigorous training, education, scientific investigation and high standards of conduct, have made the FBI an elite force of the world.
Law enforcement in the US has evolved from providing peace and security to crime fighting and community oriented policing. The citizens of the community are encouraged to be proactive i.e. to report suspicious activities, to be intolerant of circumstances breeding criminal activities and to actively assist police in finding solutions to problems that contribute to crime. As a result, crimes including racial discrimination have been curbed to a large extent. Community assisted policing in programs such as Crime Watch helps citizens and law enforcement officials to work as partners. Citizens help the police and in turn help themselves to build a better and safer community.
Military and Law enforcement agencies in the United States play different roles; but both of these forces help the American citizens, live a life of peace and security.