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Monthly NewsletterJuly 2012 
In This Issue
Dave's Message
Voice of the Soldier
Word of Truth
The Blue Warrior
Combat Survival
Special Product Coupon
Aesop's Fables
Embroidered Items
Featured T-Shirts
Special Product Coupon
Quotes & Jokes
Featured Tactical Gear
Featured Items
Featured Watches
Clichs of Socialism
What Has Really Changed?
Articles

Newsletter Archive
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
Customer Comments
I am a Cpl. in the Army and just returned from Iraq. I carried my shotgun all year on my back in your shotgun scabbard, and it worked great! I was glad to have it around several times, and it proved to be an easy way to keep the shotgun handy for the squad. Thanks for your great product, and for your support of our troops!!

Cpl. C.R. [omitted]
36th Infantry Div.



Got the T-shirt....IT ROCKS!!!!

Thanks guys
kelly [omitted]



Dear Sir, The Falcon Chest Harness finally arrived to me at Camp Taji, Iraq. Thank You! It is now set up for fitting over my IOTV and Battle Ready!!!

Thanks!!!
[name omitted]

(already the guys are asking who to order one from, so you might be getting a few more requests!!!).



Dear SF company.

Thank-you for sending another t-shirt it looks great the boys in the unit will want one when they see it. I'll be sending them right to you.

Thanks again.

Another happy customer
Bob Miller



When I was stationed at Camp Pendleton I was in Weapons Company 3/5. The unit made us t-shirts with the 3/5 logo/emblem/crest, "Consumate Professionals". I was honorable discharged in 1999 and the t-shirt has been long-gone. I searched a couple of web site to find a shirt with the logo/emblem/crest but there was no luck. It didn't take me long to search this site before I found what I was looking for. When the shirt arrived it was better than what I expected. I love the t-shirt and wear it with pride and often. Thank you SpecialForces.com

Most Sincerely,
Bryan P.



Thank you!!!

Your Shirts are the best.

Andreas



Dear SFG,

Thank you for being so prompt with my order, and the refund as well.

I thought a little constructive thoughts were in order.

The "HRT" boot knife is well constructed. I had to "hone" the edge though, both sides,to get it up to spec.

As for the "GI USMC Combat Knife"......Well, it wasn't really a K-Bar, at least not one that I've ever seen. It read "US", and above that it read "Ontario". No worries though, after I used a ceramic sharpening stone on both the small back edge and the full length edge, I'm quite pleased with them both. Oh, I almost forgot, both were very pretty well balanced.

I'll be purchasing again from you in the near future.

Sincerely,
Ed Whiteside



Dear Special Forces

I received my order i have to say that is better than i expected! Thank you and you'll hear fom me soon.

PARASCHOS



They turned out GREAT!!!!!! Thanks. I will be back for other things.

Rick



Thanks Folks. As always you have been most polite and professional. Best wishes for a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.

Jack And Melanie Edgar



Steve,

OMG! That looks awesome! Is there any logo on the front? Can I buy these off the website? I'm sure a lot of SWCC guys are going to want these!

Thank you,

Amanda Van Every



Dave,

We love the art work. They are awesome. I'll be ordering mine right after this. Thanks for all the work. I am recommending you guys to all the other battalions and ODA's.

David



Hello,

Just to let you know all items have been recieved, fantastic quality as all ways.

Cheers Andrew and best wishes for the New Year.

Dave's Message

 

Special Forces Gear Wishes You
a Great Independence Day

 

"This was the object of the Declaration of Independence. Not to find out new principles, or new arguments, never before thought of, not merely to say things which had never been said before; but to place before mankind the common sense of the subject, in terms so plain and firm as to command their assent, and to justify ourselves in the independent stand we are compelled to take. Neither aiming at originality of principle or sentiment, nor yet copied from any particular and previous writing, it was intended to be an expression of the American mind, and to give to that expression the proper tone and spirit called for by the occasion."

--Thomas Jefferson (1825)   

  

In celebration of the fourth of July we hope you'll like this story we have selected for you.

 

Rogers Clark and the 
Conquest 
of the Northwest
by Theodore Roosevelt

        Have the elder races halted?
Do they droop and end their lesson, wearied over there beyond the seas?
We take up the task eternal, and the burden and the lesson, 
        Pioneers! O Pioneers!
 
        All the past we leave behind,
We debouch upon a newer, mightier world, varied world;

Fresh and strong the world we seize, world of labor and the march,

        Pioneers! O Pioneers!
 
        We detachments steady throwing,
Down the edges, through the passes, up the mountains steep,
Conquering, holding, daring, venturing, as we go the unknown ways,
        Pioneers! O Pioneers! 

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The sachem blowing the smoke first towards the sun and then 
        towards the earth,
The drama of the scalp dance enacted with painted faces and 
        guttural exclamations,
The setting out of the war-party, the long and stealthy march,
The single file, the swinging hatchets, the surprise and 
        slaughter of enemies.
--Whitman.


In 1776, when independence was declared, the United States included only the thirteen original States on the seaboard. With the exception of a few hunters there were no white men west of the Alleghany Mountains, and there was not even an American hunter in the great country out of which we have since made the States of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, and Wisconsin. All this region north of the Ohio River then formed apart of the Province of Quebec. It was a wilderness of forests and prairies, teeming with game, and inhabited by many warlike tribes of Indians.  

 

Here and there through it were dotted quaint little towns of French Creoles, the most important being Detroit, Vincennes on the Wabash, and Kaskaskia and Kahokia on the Illinois. These French villages were ruled by British officers' commanding small bodies of regular soldiers or Tory rangers and Creole partizans. The towns were completely in the power of the British government; none of the American States had actual possession of a foot of property in the Northwestern Territory.  

 

The Northwest was acquired in the midst of the Revolution only by armed conquest, and if it had not been so acquired, it would have remained a part of the British Dominion of Canada.  

 

The man to whom this conquest was due was a famous backwoods leader, a mighty hunter, a noted Indian-fighter, George Rogers Clark. He was a very strong man, with light hair and blue eyes. He was of good Virginian family. Early in his youth, he embarked on the adventurous career of a backwoods surveyor, exactly as Washington and so many other young Virginians of spirit did at that period. He traveled out to Kentucky soon after it was founded by Boone, and lived there for a year, either at the stations or camping by him self in the woods, surveying, hunting, and making war against the Indians like any other settler; but all the time his mind was bent on vaster schemes than were dreamed of by the men around him. He had his spies out in the Northwestern Territory, and became convinced that with a small force of resolute backwoodsmen he could conquer it for the United States. When he went back to Virginia, Governor Patrick Henry entered heartily into Clark's schemes and gave him authority to fit out a force for his purpose.  

 

In 1778, after encountering endless difficulties and delays, he finally raised a hundred and fifty backwoods riflemen. In May they started down the Ohio in flatboats to undertake the allotted task. They drifted and rowed downstream to the Falls of the Ohio, where Clark founded a log hamlet, which has since become the great city of Louisville.  

 

Here he halted for some days and was joined by fifty or sixty volunteers; but a number of the men deserted, and when, after an eclipse of the sun, Clark again pushed off to go down with the current, his force was but about one hundred and sixty riflemen. All, however, were men on whom he could depend--men well used to frontier warfare. They were tall, stalwart backwoodsmen, clad in the hunting-shirt and leggings that formed the national dress of their kind, and armed with the distinctive weapon of the backwoods, the long-barreled, small-bore rifle.

 

Before reaching the Mississippi the little flotilla landed, and Clark led his men northward against the Illinois towns. In one of them, Kaskaskia, dwelt the British commander of the entire district up to Detroit. The small garrison and the Creole militia taken together outnumbered Clark's force, and they were in close alliance with the Indians roundabout. Clark was anxious to take the town by surprise and avoid bloodshed, as he believed he could win over the Creoles to the American side. Marching cautiously by night and generally hiding by day, he came to the outskirts of the little village on the evening of July 4, and lay in the woods near by until after nightfall.  

 

Fortune favored him. That evening the officers of the garrison had given a great ball to the mirth-loving Creoles, and almost the entire population of the village had gathered in the fort, where the dance was held. While the revelry was at its height, Clark and his tall backwoodsmen, treading silently through the darkness, came into the town, surprised the sentries, and surrounded the fort without causing any alarm.  

 

All the British and French capable of bearing arms were gathered in the fort to take part in or look on at the merrymaking. When his men were posted Clark walked boldly forward through the open door, and, leaning against the wall, looked at the dancers as they whirled around in the light of the flaring torches. For some moments no one noticed him. Then an Indian who had been lying with his chin on his hand, looking carefully over the gaunt figure of the stranger, sprang to his feet, and uttered the wild war-whoop.  

 

Immediately the dancing ceased and the men ran to and fro in confusion; but Clark, stepping forward, bade them be at their ease, but to remember that henceforth they danced under the flag of the United States, and not under that of Great Britain.  

 

The surprise was complete, and no resistance was attempted. For twenty-four hours the Creoles were in abject terror. Then Clark summoned their chief men together and explained that he came as their ally, and not as their foe, and that if they would join with him they should be citizens of the American republic, and treated in all respects on an equality with their comrades. The Creoles, caring little for the British, and rather fickle of nature, accepted the proposition with joy, and with the most enthusiastic loyalty toward Clark. Not only that, but sending messengers to their kinsmen on the Wabash, they persuaded the people of Vincennes likewise to cast off their allegiance to the British king, and to hoist the American flag.  

 

So far, Clark had conquered with greater ease than he had dared to hope. But when the news reached the British governor, Hamilton, at Detroit, he at once prepared to reconquer the land. He had much greater forces at his command than Clark had; and in the fall of that year he came down to Vincennes by stream and portage, in a great fleet of canoes bearing five hundred fighting men-British regulars, French partizans, and Indians. The Vincennes Creoles refused to fight against the British, and the American officer who had been sent thither by Clark had no alternative but to surrender.  

 

If Hamilton had then pushed on and struck Clark in Illinois, having more than treble Clark's force, he could hardly have failed to win the victory; but the season was late and the journey so difficult that he did not believe it could be taken. Accordingly he disbanded the Indians and sent some of his troops back to Detroit, announcing that when spring came he would march against Clark in Illinois.  

 

If Clark in turn had awaited the blow he would have surely met defeat; but he was a greater man than his antagonist, and he did what the other deemed impossible.  

 

Finding that Hamilton had sent home some of his troops and dispersed all his Indians, Clark realized that his chance was to strike before Hamilton's soldiers assembled again in the spring. Accordingly he gathered together the pick of his men, together with a few Creoles, one hundred and seventy all told, and set out for Vincennes. At first the journey was easy enough, for they passed across the snowy Illinois prairies, broken by great reaches of lofty woods. They killed elk, buffalo, and deer for food, there being no difficulty in getting all they wanted to eat; and at night they built huge fires by which to sleep, and feasted "like Indian war-dancers," as Clark said in his report.  

311 iran ship
Clark's march to Vincennes-the most celebrated event of his career-has been often depicted, as in this illustration by F. C. Yohn.

But when, in the middle of February, they reached the drowned lands of the Wabash, where the ice had just broken up and everything was flooded, the difficulties seemed almost insuperable, and the march became painful and laborious to a degree. All day long the troops waded in the icy water, and at night they could with difficulty find some little hillock on which to sleep. Only Clark's indomitable courage and cheerfulness kept the party in heart and enabled them to persevere. However, persevere they did, and at last, on February 23, they came in sight of the town of Vincennes. They captured a Creole who was out shooting ducks, and from him learned that their approach was utterly unsuspected, and that there were many Indians in town.  

 

Clark was now in some doubt as to how to make his fight. The British regulars dwelt in a small fort at one end of the town, where they had two light guns; but Clark feared lest, if he made a sudden night attack, the townspeople and Indians would from sheer fright turn against him. He accordingly arranged, just before he himself marched in, to send in the captured duck-hunter, conveying a warning to the Indians and the Creoles that he was about to attack the town, but that his only quarrel was with the British, and that if the other inhabitants would stay in their own homes they would not be molested. Sending the duck-hunter ahead, Clark took up his march and entered the town just after nightfall. The news conveyed by the released hunter astounded the townspeople, and they talked it over eagerly, and were in doubt what to do. The Indians, not knowing how great might be the force that would assail the town, at once took refuge in the neighboring woods, while the Creoles retired to their own houses. The British knew nothing of what had happened until the Americans had actually entered the streets of the little village. Rushing forward, Clark's men soon penned the regulars within their fort, where they kept them surrounded all night. The next day a party of Indian warriors, who in the British interest had been ravaging the settlements of Kentucky, arrived and entered the town, ignorant that the Americans had captured it. Marching boldly forward to the fort, they suddenly found it beleaguered, and before they could flee they were seized by the backwoodsmen. In their belts they carried the scalps of the slain settlers. The savages were taken redhanded, and the American frontiersmen were in no mood to show mercy. All the Indians were tomahawked in sight of the fort.  

 

For some time the British defended themselves well; but at length their guns were disabled, all of the gunners being picked off by the backwoods marksmen, and finally the garrison dared not so much as appear at a port-hole, so deadly was the fire from the long rifles. Under such circumstances Hamilton was forced to surrender.  

 

No attempt was afterward made to molest the Americans in the land they had won, and upon the conclusion of peace the Northwest, which had been conquered by Clark, became part of the United States.

 

311 iran ship

US Postage Stamp, 1929 issue designed by F.C. Yohn; George Rogers Clark recaptured Fort Sackville in the February 23, 1779 Battle of Vincennes without losing a single soldier

 

 

George Rogers Clark (November 19, 1752 - February 13, 1818) was a soldier from Virginia and the highest ranking American military officer on the northwestern frontier during the American Revolutionary War. He served as leader of the Kentucky (then part of Virginia) militia throughout much of the war. Clark is best known for his celebrated captures of Kaskaskia (1778) and Vincennes (1779), which greatly weakened British influence in the Northwest Territory. Because the British ceded the entire Northwest Territory to the United States in the 1783 Treaty of Paris, Clark has often been hailed as the "Conqueror of the Old Northwest."

 

Clark's military achievements all came before his 30th birthday. Afterwards he led militia in the opening engagements of the Northwest Indian War, but was accused of being drunk on duty. Despite his demand for a formal investigation into the accusations, he was disgraced and forced to resign. He left Kentucky to live on the Indiana frontier. Never fully reimbursed by Virginia for his wartime expenditures, Clark spent the final decades of his life evading creditors, and living in increasing poverty and obscurity. He was involved in two failed conspiracies to open the Spanish-controlled Mississippi River to American traffic. After suffering a stroke and losing his leg, Clark was aided in his final years by family members, including his younger brother William, one of the leaders of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark died of a stroke on February 13, 1818.

 

HOOAH,
Dave

                                             

 

Click here to send Dave a private message. 

 

Voice of the Soldier
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Special Operations Warrior Foundation

Special Operations Warrior FoundationSpecial Forces Gear is now hosting
a special section for the Special Operations Warrior Foundation.

The Special Operations Warrior Foundation (SOWF) provides college scholarship grants, along with financial aid and educational counseling, to the children of Special Operations personnel who were killed in an operational mission or training accident.

All profits from these items go to the
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Warrior Brotherhood Veterans Motorcycle Club

  311 iran ship 

The Warrior Brotherhood Veterans Motorcycle Club is a not-for-profit (501c3) fraternal organization. It was formed to provide a fraternal organization for qualified military veterans who have served, or are currently serving, in the Armed Forces of the United States or US Allied Nations.  They support Veterans and Active Duty Members in many different ways.  A few of the many causes projects they support are: mailing over 900lbs of care packages to Active Duty Service Members Monthly to Visiting Veterans Homes to put a smile on a Veterans Face.  Please visit them at  www.warriorbrotherhood.com. 

 

All profits from these items are donated to

Warrior Brotherhood Veterans Motorcycle Club 

 

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D-Day: June 6, 1944

Word of Truth
Happy 4th of July
The Word Of Truth - Alive and Powerful

By Rev G.J. Rako

LTC IN USAR (Ret)  

        

  

 

Government of the people, by the people, and for the people...the land of the free and home of the brave is becoming the land of the enslaved and the home of the spineless. The have-nots are taking from the haves, through redistribution of wealth.

 

Every problem we have in this country can be directly traced back to the five hundred or so tyrants that make up our three braches of government. We elected them. Therefore, "we the people" only have ourselves to blame. The constitution of the United States has become little more than a list of suggestions that most of our government servants refuse to follow. They trample the constitution under foot every day of their miserable lives.

 

The proposed (and original) hate crime legislation ("Matthew Shepard Hate Crimes Prevention Act," which is better known to conservatives as the "Pedophile Protection Act is the latest in a string of insane legislation. The forthcoming "poison pill" amendment will mirror House bill, H.R. 1913. This has already passed 249-175 along strict party lines, which makes "sexual orientation," "gender," and "gender identity" into federally-protected classes under the law, and codifies federal protection of up to 547 types of sexually deviant behaviors, including: 

* Incest - sex with one's offspring (a crime, of course)
* Necrophilia - sexual relations with a corpse, also a crime
* Pedophilia- sex with an underage child, another crime
* Zoophilia - a crime in numerous states
* Voyeurism - a criminal offense in most states
* Fronteurism - a man rubbing against an unknown woman's buttocks
* Coprophilia - sexual arousal from feces
* Urophilia - sexual arousal from urine (seeks to create a protected class of people.)   

 

Whatever happened to equality under the law? Hate crime legislation makes the motivation of a crime the crime itself. Motivation is thought, so therefore government can now regulate your thoughts. Since when is thinking a crime? Only since hate crime legislation was signed into law. Thoughts lead to words, so then, not only is freedom of speech is gone, but now freedom of thinking is also to be regulated.

 

The totalitarian government we now have will take this legislation and parlay it into imprisonment for anyone that dares to disagree with their progressive agenda.

 

They will shut down all media that opposes their evil plans. They whine and complain about the alleged atrocities at Abu Ghraib, while dreaming of the day they can lock you up as a dissident. Sounds like the old Soviet Union. Happy forth of July!  

 

The progressives have an idea to lift up the poor and downtrodden. How noble this sounds, no more poverty. Yet Jesus Christ, the creator of the universe, the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end said, "the poor, you will have with you always."

 

The progressive system is to take from the rich and working and give to the sick, lame, and lazy. Their great cause is to make us all equal by destroying the middle class and the wealthy. We will all be poor and dependent on government (the great messiah.) Why should you have freedom to work hard, be successful, and get ahead by creating wealth and jobs? Those that are lazy, criminal, or stupid cannot, or will not achieve wealth, so we must take it away from you and give it to them. Redistribution of wealth was a campaign promise of the "one", remember Joe the plumber?

 

This is treason! As members of the armed forces, we took an oath to protect and defend the constitution of the United States of America, against all enemies foreign and domestic. Do you see any domestic enemies? Are our enemies holding elected office? These same people are systematically dismantling our nation and incredibly, they took that same oath.

 

If I tried to list every anti constitutional law, bill or pending legislation the stack of paper would reach the moon. Each of you knows that our freedoms are eroding at a mind-boggling pace, and each of you can compile your own list of evils perpetrated by our elected servants of the people. The question is, what people are they serving? And yes, they are both democrats and republicans. Happy 4th of July!

 

The government cannot save you.

 

Jeremiah 17:5 Thus says the Lord, "Cursed is the man who trusts in man, and makes flesh his strength, And whose heart turns away from the Lord.

 

Psalms 146:3 Do not trust in princes (elected or bureaucrats), In mortal  man, in whom there is no salvation.

 

Psalms 118:8 It is better to take refuge in the Lord than to trust in man. 

Jeremiah 17:7 "Blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord And whose trust is the Lord.

 

The answer to the end of prosperity in America is not found in mankind. The problems of this once great nation will not be solved by political activism.

 

Your happiness, security, or prosperity does not depend upon who is in office, but rather in the living God who is on His throne in heaven. The solutions to our problems, whether they are personal, or national are found in the unique person of the universe.  

 

If you have not yet made that most important of all decisions, the decision to believe in the name of the uniquely born Son of God, Jesus Christ, then take a few moments to consider the issue.

 

There is a God in heaven and He loves you very much, His name is Jesus Christ. In order to benefit from the Word of God you must be a member of God's family.  

 

John 3:16 "For God loved the world so much, that He gave His uniquely born Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

 

Acts 4:12 "And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men by which we must be saved.

 

Acts 16:31 Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved.

John 14:6Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father but through Me.

 

John 10:30 "I and the Father are one."

 

John 3:36 "He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the (command to believe in the) Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him."

 

John 17:11 "I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are.

 

John 17:21 that they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world may believe that You sent Me.

 

Galatians 2:16 Nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have  believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified.

 

Romans 4:20-22 Yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving glory to God,  and being fully assured that  what God had promised, He was able also to perform.  Therefore, it was also credited to him as righteousness.  

 

Ephesians 2:8-9  For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.

 

Once you have made this most important of all decisions you become a new creature in Christ (2 Cor 5:17). As a new spiritual being you can understand the things of the Spirit.

 

John 4:24 God is spirit and thosewhoworship Him must worship in spirit and truth (Holy Spirit and Bible doctrine).  

 

Understanding the cause of our problems will lead us to the solution to our problems.

 

Isaiah 5:13 Therefore My people go into exile for their lack of knowledge; and their honorable men are famished, and their multitude is parched with thirst.

 

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge, because you have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being My priest (nation). Since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children.   

   

If you are interested in becoming part of the solution instead of being part of the problem then you must make the Word of God a priority in your life. True Christian patriots will fulfill the Biblical commands to take the high ground of the spiritual life.

 

2 Chronicles 7:14 and if My people who are called by My name humble themselves and pray and seek My face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will heal  their land.

 

Eph 4:13 Until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature, which belongs to the fullness of Christ.  

 

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, do not be children in your thinking; yet in evil be infants, but in your thinking be mature.

 

Hebrews 5:14 But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.

 

Hebrews 6:1 Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God.

 

Romans 12:2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind (thinking), so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.

 

Philippians 2:5 Have this thinking in you which was also in Christ Jesus,

Spiritual maturity is attained only by transferring Bible doctrine from the pages of scripture into your soul (thinking).

 

Ephesians 4:14 As a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming.

 

Titus 1:9 holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.

 

2 Peter 3:18 but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.  

 

There is absolutely no place for a Christians to involve themselves in revolution, armed violence, or destruction of property. Government is an institution created by God to protect the human race from itself. Gods plan for the human race is nationalism. Internationalism or globalism is evil. God made this clear at the destruction of the tower of Babel (Gen 11:1-9).

 

We are to obey those in government no matter how much we may disagree with them.  

 

Romans 13:1-14 Every person is to be in subjection to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.  Therefore, whoever resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority? Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; for it is a minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.  Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience' sake. For because of this you also pay taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to this very thing.Render to all what is due them tax to whom tax is due, custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.

 

Mark 12:17 And Jesus said to them, "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." And they were amazed at Him.

 

Our lives can be full of happiness, security, peace, and contentment. These things are guaranteed to those believers who love God.

 

Romans 15:13 Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you will abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.

 

2 Corinthians 13:11 Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you.

 

Philippians 4:9 The things you have learned and received and heard and seen in me, practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you.

 

Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.

 

2 Peter 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord 

 

2 John 1:3 Grace, mercy and peace will be with us, from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love

 

Gal 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,  gentleness, self-control; against such things  there is no law.

 

Living your life in the light of eternity changes your focus from your insignificant problems to the One who has provided solutions to all problems. God has a perfect plan for your life. Learn the Word of God, trust what you learn, believe that what God has promised, He is also able to bring to deliver (Rom 4:21). Happy 4th of July!

 

 

Contact Reverend Rako >>  


Blue Warrior
Blue WarriorBlue Warrior

 

Patriot Warriors

Recently, a friend shared some photos of a funeral that was for a returning Army Warrior from Iraq. The photos depicted country streets lined with men, women, and children that had all stopped what ever they were doing that day to honor the fallen Warrior. The images reminded me how much I love this country and why I wear a shield.

 

Most of these grateful citizens were holding large American flags in their hands and if they didn't have a flag then most of them had a hand over their hearts.

 

A U.P.S. delivery driver was pulled off the road and stood at attention with his hand over his heart. The cars in the procession all had American flags in the passenger windows as they drove past.

School children were standing elbow to elbow and all of them were waiving small parade style American flags. Business owners and customers stopped doing business long enough to come outside and pay their respects along the side of the street with their hands over their hearts as the procession passed.

 

The theme here is simple, these Americans were honoring a Patriot Warrior. They also wore the grief on their face as if it were their own husband, father or brother passing them when that Hurst with the flag draped coffin slowly drove by.

 

To witness this type of Patriotism is a reminder of why we risk our tomorrows for these good Americans. Whether we hit the streets everyday in a squad car or we gear up for another patrol mission over seas, we all have one thing in common, we are all Patriot Warriors.

You can find no greater Patriot than the one whom risks his life for his country. I would like to remind you Warriors out there that the silent majority, values and cherishes the Patriot that fights for his country. It is the Warrior whom they rely on daily for their safety, peace and freedom.

It is easy to lose focus of the true meaning of our Warrior Spirit. Every day we are confronted with people who's values are less than desirable. Every day the news media reports only the things we do wrong. Every day we battle with mortality as we work in the world that most people fear. As, I leave for work I kiss my youngest son on the forehead without hesitating, knowing that this could be the last. It is this kind of commitment that makes the Patriot Warrior.

 

Every day we must remind ourselves that we are America's Patriot Warriors. Here are Webster's definitions of a Patriot and a Warrior:

 

Patriot: One who loves his or her country and supports it's authority and interests.

 

Warrior: A man experienced or engaged in warfare.

 

My definition of a Patriot Warrior: Those men and woman whom dress for battle every day, willing to sacrifice their own life to fight for and preserve the peace and freedoms of all Americans.

When I think of a Patriot Warrior I think of my father, who is a retired Command Sergeant Major with the U.S. Army. After serving two tours in Viet-Nam he retuned home and was hitch hiking in uniform from the airport to our home. He was met with people that preferred to spit at him then give him a ride home to his infant son and wife. Many years would pass but when the Gulf War started to take root he didn't hesitate to defend those same Americans who cast him aside. He served in the Gulf War and his selflessness to serve in another war is a shinning example of a Patriot Warrior.

The great Shawnee Warrior, Tecumseh (Crouching Panther) said it best:

Let us form one body, one heart, and defend to the last warrior our country, our homes, our liberty, and the graves of our fathers.
  - Tecumseh, 1813

So, regardless if you patrol the streets in a blue uniform or patrol foreign deserts in camouflage remember that the silent majority in this country counts on you to deliver peace and freedom.

Patriots of long ago count on us, as you are America's sons of patriotism. It is your duty to honor their sacrifices and carry the torch of freedom.



Creating training with realism is the primary factor that will help build better cognitive thinking skills so when SWAT cops are subjected to actual combat they will feel that they've already been there and been exposed to that environment. There are several techniques you can use when training SWAT cops to achieve this, but introducing stress into all of your training is paramount.


Stay safe,

Sgt. Glenn French  

Glenn French, a Sergeant with the Sterling Heights (Mich.) Police Department, has 22 years police experience and currently serves as the Team Commander for the Special Response Team, and Sergeant of the Sterling Heights Police Department Training Bureau. He has 14 years SWAT experience and served as a Sniper Team Leader, REACT Team Leader, and Explosive Breacher.  

Glenn has instructed basic and advanced SWAT / Tactical officer courses, basic and advanced Sniper courses, Cold Weather / Winter Sniper Operations and Active Shooter Response courses, Tactical Lifesaver Course and others. Sgt French served in the U.S. Army. During his military tenure Sgt French gained valuable experience in C.Q.B., infantry tactics and explosive breaching operations. He is the author of "Police Tactical Life Saver" and President of www.tacticallifesaver.org.    

Leading Concepts
Effective Delegation Saves Time,
Yet Initially it Requires Time 

 


 

Effective Delegation Saves Time, yet Initially it Requires Time

 

  • Delegation is the process of entrusting a task or a part of a task to others.
  • Know what cannot be delegated - make sure you properly assess the task and the level of competency, confidentiality, and commitment required to complete the given task SUCCESSFULLY. Do not put yourself or any of your Team in a position where they cannot succeed. Remember: Failure can be successful if learning occurs.
  • Granting Authority: you can delegate authority, however you cannot delegate responsibility. When you delegate a task, it is important to remember this: in the eyes of YOUR Manager, ultimately you are still responsible for the successful completion of all tasks delegated to you, INCLUDING the tasks that you delegate to others.
  • Creates an Obligation: delegation creates an obligation for both of you-to each other. This mutual obligation, granting authority and entrusting a task are like a three-legged stool. Each depends on the others to support the whole. No one can stand alone.

Deterrents to Delegation

1. Why don't I delegate better ?
  • "I can do it better myself." -Yes, AND you can't do it ALL better yourself. For most of us, there is too much to do and too little time to do it. Take the time to develop others. Someday they may be sitting in your seat.
  • "I can't trust others to do it as well." -Trust is reciprocal. You get what you give. As a leader you may have to take the first step towards building trust with your team. Delegating a task to someone shows that you trust them to handle the responsibility and you believe in their abilities.
  • "I am reluctant to take the risk they'll fail." -Taking risk is a part of a leader's job. If you're not taking risks and making mistakes you're probably not leading much. Remember, leaders operate where things are being done for the first time, where there is no road map. You're bound to take a wrong turn. We all make mistakes - recover and move on.
  • "I don't have time to involve others." -Then make time. It may cost you time upfront, however, the long term investment ensures a solid foundation of informed, trained, and competent team members/associates.
  • "I feel my team members resent when I follow up on their work." -Following up is done out of RESPECT for them and their work. Because you RESPECT and APPRECIATE your team members and the contributions they make, it is your job as a leader to confirm how much value they add. Additionally, follow up will help you and your team members decide where the learning opportunities are simply by conducting brief After Action Review (AAR) or "lessons learned."
  • "I can't bring myself to delegate 'busy work'." - Busy work is a part of any organization and any job function. If they are going to be standing in your shoes eventually, let's make sure they understand up front just how they fit and what comes with the fancy laces.
  • "I can't delegate to my friends." - It's hard to separate work from fun, family from friends, and team members from friends. Oh, well. That's just part of being a leader. Get used to it. There is no easy way out for a leader. Keep the communication open and treat others with dignity and respect. FRIENDS will understand.
  • "Everyone is already busy." - THAT'S AN EXCUSE! So are you! Try to identify areas where consolidation may be appropriate. We're all busy all the time. It's like the weather: Accept it or move.

2. Why team members resist delegation ?
  • They don't know how to do the task. -Based on the priorities you set and the "NLT" (No Later Than) completion time of the task you or your Customers establish, make time to train others how to complete tasks essential to your organization's success. The more value they add, the more valuable they are to you, the team, and the organization. Remember, people make the difference, they are you only true, long-term competitive advantage.
  • They have a fear of failure, of criticism of mistakes. - Coach them through the learning curve. Reassure them that mistakes are learning opportunities and that criticism (feedback) is a gift when presented properly.
  • They lack confidence in their abilities. - I can't think of a better way to build their confidence than to delegate to them and give them the opportunity to succeed and add value. Enough said.
  • They don't understand what is expected. - Remember we all have different "input" channels and "sorting" styles. Remember, everyone interprets things differently. To some a BOW adorns a package, to others it is a part of a ship. Be Clear. Don't make assumptions. Ask them to paraphrase until you're certain the expectations are mutually understood.
  • They don't have time. - Neither do you! You don't have time to waste getting team members up the learning curve either. Task organization and time management are essential to mission success. Delegation provides a learning opportunity for everyone. Problems will always exist and can be found everywhere. At any time anyone on your team may need to assume the leadership role and complete the task. Delegation helps prepare others so no time is lost when roles must change quickly.
  • They don't like doing it. - SO! We all must do things we don't like to do. It's a part of life, get used to it.
  • They feel inadequate. - WHY? This sounds like an opportunity to practice good listening skills. Sit down with them and find out "why", then develop a plan to coach them through their insecurities.
  • They already feel overworked. - I know, so do I, empathize don't sympathize.
  • They've done it before. - Great! Then maybe they can do it better again, OR, maybe they can teach someone else how they do it and hone their 'delegation' skills.
  • They find it easier to ask than to decide. - At some point they need to learn how to make decisions. Easy isn't a good enough reason to resist. A path with no obstacles would probably lead nowhere and is well traveled. Each of us has a personal responsibility to learn and grow as much as we can. To choose not to do something because it is difficult or challenging is simple laziness and you are depriving yourself of a learning opportunity.
  • They don't possess the proper attitude. - WHY? As a leader you need to go find out. It's your job. Don't keep stragglers on the team. Be sure you are doing everything possible to redirect their attitude through feedback and coaching. If you have confidently expended all means then you must trust that they are in control of their own behavior. You may correct the attitude through communication and you may not and you may have to cut your losses at some point and move on. It's a part of being a leader.

How can I Delegate Better?

Trust the abilities of your team members. -By working with your team, practicing the Four Factors of Leadership, and through experience your ability to assess others will improve. Listen to your gut. Often it is the only choice you have.

Respect your team members as people. - That's right. PEOPLE not machines. They have feelings, emotions, and problems; Beliefs, Values, and Norms just like you. Don't forget that.

Keep an "Open Mind!" - The ability to remain "open" about others' ideas and contributions is essential for leadership. It is extremely hard to do as we tend to view the world through our eyes and our experiences. Remember leadership exists in the unknown. Keep an open mind and keep learning.

Understand that mistakes will be made. - Cool! First time mistakes are learning opportunities. Be sure to debrief with subordinates when mistakes occur. A mistake the second time is your learning opportunity: You didn't prepare / train them enough after the first mistake occurred.

Summary:
  • Effective delegation saves time AND initially requires time: YOUR TIME! It's a long term investment for you, your team, your Customers, and your organization.
  • Delegation is not a shortcut to avoiding responsibility. You can delegate authority but you can't delegate responsibility. Delegation saves time through task organization/distribution and by teaming up problem solvers with the appropriate skills to solve them efficiently.
  • Don't waste valuable time. You can never regain lost time. NEVER!
  • Set the right "Climate." The right climate is one that promotes successful behaviors and stimulates growth. Be approachable and be sure to approach your team members with the intent of helping them be successful. If you help others succeed, in turn, you too will be successful.
  • Follow the basic steps of delegating.
  • Assess the task.
  • Consider the Four Factors of Leadership: The Led, The Leader, The Situation, Communications.
  • Consider the confidentiality, competency, and commitment required of the individual or team.
  • Provide leadership essentials: Purpose, Direction, and Motivation.
  • Clearly state the Task, Conditions (resources), and Standards (outcomes).
  • Be accessible for help.
  • Follow up and give feedback: Reinforce what you want more of and redirect what you want less of.
  • If you do the whole thing yourself, you are ensuring that the next time you will have no choice but to do it again since no one else learned how.

Select a Task for Delegation and use this Outline:
  • Identify the task and asses it. Evaluate the skills required.
  • Consider the Four Factors of Leadership. How do they apply to this task?
  • Consider the competence and commitment of team members. - select a person or persons to complete the task.
  • Identify and provide:
  • Purpose - Why are we doing it?
  • Direction - Where to begin; orientation of tasks.
  • Motivation - Fuel for the fire.
  • Identify and clearly state:
  • Task - What is to be completed or accomplished.
  • Conditions-resources available for this task.
  • Standards-Minimum results expected.
  • Be accessible for help. Inquire about progress. Spot-check along the way.
  • Follow up:
  • Was the task completed successfully according to criteria?
  • If no, identify reasons why-conduct AAR.
  • How can you turn failure into a successful learning experience for both of you?
  • What feedback will you provide from this process?
  • Reinforce?
  • Redirection?

 

About the author: Dean Hohl has been leading teams and coaching individuals professionally since 1993. From '88 - '92 Dean served with 3rd Ranger Battalion during which he helped in the removal of Manuel Noriega in 1989 when he parachuted onto a hostile Panamanian airstrip.

He graduated Ranger School with honors earning one of two distinguished "Merrill's Marauders" awards; an award earned only by two each class and chosen by his peer group for demonstrating exceptional teamwork, leadership, and communication under long periods of stress and pressure - often the result of days without food or sleep - throughout the entire 72 day course. Dean completed his Ranger service with honor at the rank of Sergeant.

 

http://www.leadingconcepts.com 

 


Combat Survival

What goes first when the SHTF?

 

This is a list of the 100 items that disappeared first during the Sarajevo War. Remember, this is a country that hosted the Olympic Games just a few years earlier in 1984, then in 1990 the whole country started down the short road to Civil War.

  1. Generators (Good cost. Gas storage, risky, noisy....target, maintenance etc.)
  2. Water filters/purifiers
  3. Portable toilets
  4. Seasoned firewood. Wood takes about 6-12 months to dry, for home uses.
  5. Lamp oil, wicks, & lamps
  6. Coleman Fuel
  7. Guns, ammunition, pepper spray, knives, clubs, bats & slingshots.
  8. Hand can-openers, hand egg beaters, & whisks.
  9. Honey, syrups, white & brown sugar
  10. Rice, beans, wheat
  11. Vegetable oil (for cooking) without it food burns/must be boiled etc.)
  12. Charcoal, lighter fluid (Will be scarce suddenly)
  13. Water containers (Urgent item to obtain) Any size, small: HARD CLEAR PLASTIC ONLY - Note: Food grade if for drinking.
  14. Mini heater head (Propane-without this item, propane won't heat a room).
  15. Grain grinder (Non-electric).
  16. Propane cylinders (Urgent: definite shortages will occur).
  17. Survival guide books.
  18. Mantles: Aladdin, Coleman, etc. (Without this item, longer-term lighting is difficult.)
  19. Baby supplies: diapers, formula, ointments, aspirin, etc.
  20. Washboards, mop bucket w/wringer (for laundry).
  21. Cookstoves (Propane, Coleman & Kerosene or old wood wired ones).
  22. Vitamins.
  23. Propane cylinder handle holder (Small canister use is dangerous without this).
  24. Feminine hygiene, hair care, and skin products.
  25. Thermal underwear (Tops & bottoms).
  26. Bow saws, axes, hatchets, wedges, and honing oil.
  27. Aluminum foil, regular and heavy duty (Great for cooking and barter item).
  28. Gasoline containers (Plastic and metal).
  29. Garbage bags (impossible to have to many).
  30. Toilet Paper, Kleenex, paper towels
  31. Milk - powdered and condensed (Shake liquid every 3-4 months).
  32. Garden seeds (non-hybrid a must).
  33. Clothes pins, line, hangers (a must).
  34. Coleman's pump repair kit.
  35. Tuna fish (in oil).
  36. Fire extinguishers (or a large box of baking soda in every room).
  37. First aid kits.
  38. Batteries (all sizes - buy furthest out for expiration dates)
  39. Garlic, spices, vinegar, and baking supplies.
  40. Big dogs and plenty of dog food.
  41. Flour, yeast, & salt.
  42. Matches (Strike anywhere preferred). Boxed wooden matches will go first.
  43. Writing paper, pads, pencils, solar calculators.
  44. Insulated ice chests (Good for keeping items from freezing in the wintertime).
  45. Workboots, belts, Levis, and durable shirts.
  46. Flashlights, lightsticks, torches, and "No. 76 Dietz" lanterns.
  47. Journals, diaries, and scrapbooks (jot down ideas, feelings, experiences - historical times)
  48. Garbage cans (Plastic - great for storage, water, transporting - if with wheels)
  49. Men's hygiene: shampoo, toothbrush, paste, mouthwash, floss, nail clippers, etc.
  50. Cast iron cookware (Sturdy, efficient).
  51. Fishing supplies, tools.
  52. Mosquito coils, repellent, sprays, creams.
  53. Duct tape.
  54. Tarps, stakes, twine, nails, rope, and spikes.
  55. Candles.
  56. Laundry detergent (liquid)
  57. Backpacks and duffel bags.
  58. Garden tools and supplies.
  59. Scissors, fabrics, and sewing supplies.
  60. Canned fruits, veggies, soups, stews, etc.
  61. Bleach (Plain, NOT scented: 4-6% sodium hypochlorite).
  62. Canning supplies, jars, lids, and wax.
  63. Knives and sharpening tools: files, stones, and steel.
  64. Bicycles, tires, tubes, pumps, chains, etc.
  65. Sleeping bags, blankets, pillows, and mats.
  66. Carbon Monoxide Alarm (battery powered).
  67. Board games, cards, dice.
  68. D-con rat poison, Mouse Prufe II, roach killer.
  69. Mousetraps, ant traps, and cockroach magnets.
  70. Paper plates, cups, and utensils (stock up folks)
  71. Baby wipes, oils, waterless and antibacterial soap (saves a lot of water).
  72. Rain gear, rubberized boots, etc.
  73. Shaving supplies (razors, creams, talc, and after shave).
  74. Hand pumps and siphons (for water and for fuels).
  75. Soy sauce, vinegar, bullion, gravy, soup base.
  76. Reading glasses.
  77. Chocolate, cocoa, tang, punch, (water enhancers).
  78. "Survival-in-a-can".
  79. Woolen clothing, scarves, earmuffs, mittens, and gloves.
  80. Boy Scout handbook and leaders catalog.
  81. Roll-on window insulation kit.
  82. Graham crackers, saltines, pretzels, trail mix, jerky.
  83. Popcorn, peanut butter, nuts.
  84. Socks, underwear, t-shirts, etc. (extras).
  85. Lumber (all types).
  86. Wagons and carts (for transport to and from).
  87. Cots and inflatable mattresses.
  88. Gloves: work, warming, gardening, etc.
  89. Lantern hangers.
  90. Screen patches, glue, nails, screws, nuts and bolts.
  91. Teas.
  92. Coffee.
  93. Cigarettes.
  94. Wine and liquor (for bribes, medicinal, etc.).
  95. Paraffin wax.
  96. Glue, nails, nuts, bolts, screws, etc.
  97. Chewing gum and candies.
  98. Atomizers (for cooling and bathing).
  99. Hats and cotton neckerchiefs.
  100. Goats and chickens.

From a Sarajevo War Survivor:

 

Experiencing the horrible things that can happen in war such as the death of parents and friends, hunger and malnutrition, endless freezing cold, fear, sniper attacks you learn the following things:

 

  1. Stockpiling helps, but you never know how long trouble will last, so locate near renewable food sources.
  2. Living near a well with manual pump is like being in Eden.
  3. After awhile, even gold can lose its luster. But there is no luxury in war quite like toilet paper. Its surplus value is greater than gold's.
  4. If you had to go without one utility, lose electricity - it's the easiest to do without (unless you're in a very nice climate with no need for heat).
  5. Canned foods are awesome, especially if their contents are tasty without heating. One of the best things to stockpile is canned gravy - it makes a lot of the dry unappetizing things you find to eat in war somewhat edible. Only needs enough heat to "warm", not to cook. It's cheap too, especially if you buy it in bulk.
  6. Bring some books - escapist ones like romance or mysteries become more valuable as the war continues. Sure it's great to have a lot of survival guides, but you'll figure most of that out on your own anyway - trust me, you'll have a lot of time on your hands.
  7. The feeling that you're human can fade pretty fast. I can't tell you how many people I knew who would have traded a much needed meal for just a little bit of toothpaste, rouge, soap, or cologne. Not much point in fighting if you have to lose your humanity. These things are moral-builders like nothing else.
  8. Stock up on slow burning candles and matches, matches, matches.

 

About the author: Jason Hunt is the President of Frontier Christian University and the Chief Instructor for Hunt Survival, Inc. a wilderness & rescue training institute based in Kentucky.

Warrior's Wisdom

People Motivated by Freedom Fight Harder for Freedom then Anyone Else

 

The Athenians, whom he led, had proved by their new-born valor in recent wars against the neighboring states, that "Liberty and Equality of civic rights are brave spirit-stirring things and they who, while under the yoke of a despot, had been no better men of war than any of their neighbors, as soon they were free, became the foremost men of all, for each felt that in fighting for a free commonwealth, he fought for himself, and whatever he took in hand , he was zealous to do the work thoroughly.

"So the nearly contemporaneous historian describes the change of spirit that was seen in the Athenians after their tyrants were expelled; and Miltiades knew that in leading them against the invading army, where they had Hippias, the foe they most hated, before them, he was bringing into battle no ordinary men, and could calculate on no ordinary heroism.

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Aesop's Fables
 
THE FOX AND THE GOAT
 
A fox one day fell into a deep well and could find no means of escape. A Goat, overcome with thirst, came to the same well, and seeing the Fox, inquired if the water was good. Concealing his sad plight under a merry guise, the Fox indulged in a lavish praise of the water, saying it was excellent beyond measure, and encouraging him to descend. The Goat, mindful only of his thirst, thoughtlessly jumped down, but just as he drank, the Fox informed him of the difficulty they were both in and suggested a scheme for their common escape. "If," said he, "you will place your forefeet upon the wall and bend your head, I will run up your back and escape, and will help you out afterwards." The Goat readily assented and the Fox leaped upon his back. Steadying himself with the Goat's horns, he safely reached the mouth of the well and made off as fast as he could. When the Goat upbraided him for breaking his promise, he turned around and cried out, "You foolish old fellow! If you had as many brains in your head as you have hairs in your beard, you would never have gone down before you had inspected the way up, nor have exposed yourself to dangers from which you had no means of escape."

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Quotes & Jokes


"The highest form of ignorance is when you reject something you don't know anything about"
Wayne Dyer


Nothing is more terrible than to see ignorance in action.
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe


Ignorance is preferable to error; and he is less remote from the truth who believes nothing, than he who believes what is wrong.
Thomas Jefferson


Naivete in grownups is often charming; but when coupled with vanity it is indistinguishable from stupidity.
Eric Hoffer (1902-1983)
American philosopher and author.



Ignorance breeds monsters to fill up the vacancies of the soul that are unoccupied by the verities of knowledge.
Horace Mann (1796-1859)
U.S. educator.



There is one principle that can keep a man in everlasting ignorance. That is contempt prior to investigation.
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
English philosopher, biologist and sociologist.


To be conscience that you are ignorant is a great step to knowledge.
Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881)
British politician and author.



Ignorance is not innocence, but sin.
Robert Browning (1812 -1889)
British poet.
 

A learned blockhead is a greater blockhead than an ignorant one.
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
American statesman, scientist and philosopher.


He was so learned that he could name a horse in nine languages; so ignorant that he bought a cow to ride on.
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
American statesman, scientist and philosopher.

 
Most ignorance is evincible ignorance. We don't know because we don't want to know.
Aldous Huxley (1894-1963)
British author.



"He must be very ignorant for he answers every question he is asked"


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How the Filter Works: GEIGERRIG'S Pressurized Hydration bladder pushes the water through the inline water filter allowing you to drink fresh spring water while you are on the go. Yes, carrying a 5oz water filter on your backpacking trip is easier than loading your pack with water bottles and bladders.

 

Filter Size: In-Line Portable Water Filter. 5.5 inches Long X 1 In. Diameter. Easily carried in our hydration packs.

 

Weight:  1.5oz If you want to save weight on your backpacking trip then the GEIGERRIG in-line water filter will help.

 

Filter Capacity - Gallons: Rated to Filter Up To 50 Gallons of water filtration - You now have a much greater range while hiking. 50 gallons can take you a long way!

 

Tested and Certified:  Removes >99.9% Cryptospordium & Giardia - Your hydration pack now protects you when you need to refill in the field on the hiking trail or on a two week backpacking trip.

 

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    Clichs of Socialism

    "Private businessmen should
    welcome government competition."
     
    When a Castro commandeers property and takes dictatorial charge of one major industry after another, hardly anyone is fooled into believing that this is just another example of good clean competition. But let American business or professional people protest the entry of government into such fields as electric power, shipbuilding, and medical service, and immediately they will be charged with unwillingness to face the rigors of competition: Why shouldn't the government be allowed to compete? Isn't the government just another competitor-another business enterprise (as claimed, for example, in advertisements of the Rural Electrification Administration)-a "yardstick" (as claimed for the TVA)?
        There are features of competitive private enterprise that many persons do not fully appreciate. In the first place, open competition affords no room for force; it is contrary to the basic rules of voluntary exchange to compel anyone to buy or sell anything. Free trade occurs only when, and because, each party sees a gain to himself from the transaction. No one needs to rob or cheat or browbeat another to come out ahead when and exchange is voluntary. A man may buy or reject whatever is offered to him by any seller, and if he thinks all suppliers are asking an exorbitant price for any given item, he is free to enter the business himself. That is another basic rule of competitive private enterprise: force is not to be used to exclude competitors from any business. That's what open competition means-open to anyone who chooses to risk his own resources on his own responsibility.
        Protecting or defending the lives and property of peaceful citizens is the proper business of government. And if government is to serve effectively to suppress and discourage private outbreaks of violence, fraud, deliberate injury to peaceful persons, than government needs to be the strongest force in the society. Government involves force-a monopoly of legal force; and that's all it is or ought to be. To the extent that government functions properly and maintains the peace, individuals are free to develop their individualities and serve themselves and one another in optimum fashion through competitive private enterprise and voluntary exchange.
        Why shouldn't the government be allowed to compete with entrepreneurs in the market place? Because government is the police power, competent only to perform policing functions. It has nothing to "sell"-except its power to sue force. If government offers bread, it offers, in effect, to force taxpayers to grow the wheat and mill it and bake the loaf and distribute it. If government offers money, it offers to take that money or its equivalent purchasing power from productive individuals, by force, if necessary. If government operates a business enterprise, it first must force taxpayers to provide the plant and equipment and personnel; in effect, government must collect taxes or tribute from each private operator in a given industry before it can set itself up as a "competitor."
        Nor is government bound by any ordinary tests of success or failure, profit or loss. As long as government can collect taxes, it can't fail as a "competitor." No matter how inefficient its operation. It can thus bankrupt and drive from business the worst and the best of all private operators. Government can, and sometimes does, monopolize a peaceful business, such as handling the mails; not because it is more efficient than private operators but because it is powerful enough to eliminate competition. It always tends toward monopoly.
        A businessman has every right to complain if government enters his industry as a "competitor." How would you like to compete in private business with someone who could force you to provide his initial capital and send you the bill for all his losses? Competition, in the free market sense of the term, is a nonviolent, peaceful attempt to win a customer's favor by serving him best. Government's only proper role is to see that force is not used against any customer or against any active or potential competitor. When government uses its force and power of taxation to enter the field of business, that is tyranny, not competition.
     
    P.L.P.
    What Has Really Changed?

    American opportunity is like
    the Chinese parade - you'll never
    see the end of it  
    1963

    They used to say if the Chinese people paraded four abreast you'd never see the end-young ones would be added faster than old ones marched past and died.

    That's the way with America. You think you've filled one market and two new ones spring up. Thirty years ago (when we made 3,000,000 cars a year) we were supposed to be saturated. This year the number looks like 7,000,000 and more.

    Look around your home or farm-the things you need, to live a modern, comfortable life, will startle you-modern heating and cooling; equipment to give you good music; new books; some more cheerful wallpaper...and why not march down and buy your wife a new dress!

    More than a hundred years ago the head of the U.S. Patent Office was so impressed with current inventions that he predicted the time when "improvement must end". He ought to see a modern computer!

    Yet more and more people are employed in America every year. If we all produce more efficiently, costs and prices could come down so much that even more people would buy more things, and even the youngsters who want them would all have jobs.


    Articles
     
    D-Day: The First Two Schlitz
    Beers in Normandy


    311 iran ship
    Sometime in the evening of June 5, 1944, a "stick" of heavily loaded 101st Airborne paratroopers board their C-47 transport before their jump into history in the skies of Normandy. Capt. Sam Gibbons of the 501st carried a couple of additional non-issue items along with him. National Archives photo


    "My equipment was typical for the jump that night," wrote Capt. Sam Gibbons of the 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles" in his memoir I Was There. "Two parachutes - one main on my back and a reserve on my chest in case the main malfunctioned - both camouflaged green and brown and made of nylon (a brand new substance in those days). We had used some silk ones in our early training. We all wore a Mae West, inflatable-type, life jacket because we crossed 150 miles of ocean and jumped near a river. Many were used that night.

    311 iran ship
    Former Congressman Sam Gibbons was a member of the U.S. Army's 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, serving in Europe on D-Day and during the Battle of the Bulge. Photo courtesy of WUSF Public Broadcasting.
    "We also wore an equipment harness and ammunition belt with thirty rounds of .45 caliber pistol ammo and about one hundred rounds of .30 caliber rifle ammo, two hand grenades, a .45 caliber pistol [M1911], loaded and cocked, a .30 caliber folding stock rifle [M1A1 carbine], loaded and cocked, a ten-inch-blade knife strapped to the ... calf for hand-to-hand combat, a canteen with one quart of water, one spoon and canteen cup used as a cooking utensil, some water purification tablets, a combat first aid kit tied to the camouflage material that covered our steel helmets (special helmet liner required so helmet wouldn't be blown off in jump), special first aid kit containing two shots of morphine, sulfa drugs and compress bandages to stop bleeding. In a leg pocket we carried a British-made anti-tank mine because there were plenty of tanks nearby ... an equipment bag containing a raincoat, a blanket, toothbrush, toilet paper and six meals of emergency K rations - a combination shovel and pick for digging in; maps, flashlight, compass; also an 'escape kit' containing a very small compass, small hacksaw blade, a map of France printed on silk and $300 worth of well-used French currency. This kit was enclosed in a waterproof container measuring four inches by six inches by one-quarter inch - everyone was encouraged to hide it in a different place on the body - I carried mine inside my sock, just above boot top on my right leg...

    "We wore our identification (dog tags) on a light metal chain around our necks, taped together so they didn't click or rattle. And at noontime before the invasion we had received our last surprise: A "cricket." This was a metal device made partially of brass and partially of steel. When you depressed the steel it made a snapping sound or a "crick." And when you released the steel part, it would crick again. This was something we had not counted on and had never heard about, but it was to be our primary means of identification between friend and foe during the night assault. We cricked them a few times and rehearsed (we were to crick once and wait for a response of two cricks) - laughing all the time..."

    There were also two non-issue items Gibbons jumped with that night: In his gas mask case, instead of the gas mask, he had placed two cans of Schlitz beer.

    "So with all this gear on me (the same for about 12,000 others), I was the third man to step out of plane #42, and dropping 800 feet to start what some have called 'The Longest Day.'" Gibbons, from Tampa, Fla., was 24 years old.
    311 iran ship
    A captured German "Kubelwagen" is used by American paratroopers of the 101st Airborne, touring the streets of Carentan, France, June 14, 1944. National Archives photo

    Millions of words have been written about June 6, 1944, scores of films and hundreds of television documentaries have been made. It was the day when the Allies began to take the European continent back from the Nazis. Of all those stories, whether the "big picture" histories of the strategies of opposing sides or the more recent, personal stories being told, Gibbons' story, written in a self-deprecating tone as it was in I Was There and popularized in Tom Brokaw's The Greatest Generation, remains one that has always struck me as somehow being indicative of the American paratroopers' fight during that early morning of June 6, 1944, with a young captain abruptly thrust into an unexpected leadership role, he and his men dropped far from their objectives, lost and improvising their way through a night of combat,  and 'marching toward the sound of gunfire.'

    Like the thousands of other paratroopers of the 101st, 82nd Airborne "All Americans," and British 6th Airborne thumping to the ground that night, Gibbons checked himself for all his component parts, got out of his parachute harness, and began to search for other paratroopers from his unit. After 45 minutes of crawling over and through hedgerows and ditches, with the sound of gunfire rattling through the night, Gibbons saw the distinctive outline of an American helmet silhouetted against the sky, and after taking cover and raising his carbine, cricked his cricket.

    "Instantly the response came back with two cricks," Gibbons wrote. "I felt a thousand years younger and both of us moved forward so we could touch each other. I whispered my name and he whispered his. To my surprise, he was not from my plane. In fact, he was not even from my Headquarters group. He was a sergeant and lost, too." In fact, most of the 101st and 82nd Airborne troopers had been dropped miles from their objectives. Some groups of paratroopers managed to reach and attack their objectives that night; many more were too far away, but decided to move toward the nearest objective and start their war there. The drop zones were so scattered that it caused the Germans more confusion than it would have had the jumps gone off without a hitch. The Germans couldn't make any sense of where the main concentrations of paratroopers were or what their objectives were.

    The two moved off, collecting more paratroopers throughout the night, including two more officers, as they moved toward St. Come-du-Mont, which was at least one of the regiment's objectives, finally halting at dawn to hold a war council on the best method of attacking the town.

    "At the end of this council I brought out my two cans of beer, which we shared," Gibbons wrote. "When the cans were empty we decided to leave them in the middle of the road as a monument to the first cans of Schlitz consumed in France and moved on."
    President John F. Kennedy, flanked by Congressman Sam Gibbons, arrives in Tampa, Nov. 18, 1963. Gibbons served for many decades in the U.S. House of Representatives before retiring. National Archives photo

    In the following hours and days Gibbons and other paratroopers would fight a series of small unit actions as well as a major battle at Carentan. He and the 101st would go on to seize four of five bridge objectives during Operation Market Garden, hold Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, and capture Hitler's "Eagles Nest" facility.

    When the war in Europe ended, Gibbons returned home, went to law school, and served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 16 consecutive terms.

    In 1994, President Bill Clinton appointed Gibbons general chairman of the 50th Anniversary of Normandy commemoration committee.

    At a White House dinner, Gibbons was brought two cans of Schlitz beer on a silver platter. When the dinner was over, Gibbons took the two cans with him, unopened.

    Some time later that year, Gibbons returned with his family to Normandy, where they drank those two cans of beer and left them sitting on the road as a monument of a different sort, in the same place where five decades earlier, a 24-year-old captain and a few American paratroopers finished their shared beer, got back to their feet, checked their weapons, and moved toward their objective.


     

    The Stealth Debate
    While some experts say stealth no longer matters, nations continue to develop signature reduction technologies   

     

    F-35A airframe Air Force-6 on its first night flight. While the F-35 program has stealth as one of its requirements, other aspects, such as the short takeoff/vertical landing requirement and airframe commonality, have also been major drivers of the design. Lockheed Martin photo by Tom Reynolds



    The importance of stealth as it applies to modern combat aircraft is at the center of a growing debate. Framed by contemporary and future stealthy tactical aircraft programs, including the most costly defense program in history (the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, or JSF), and cheaper, more conventional alternatives, the discussion has attracted a variety of critics who contend that stealth technology is compromised and too expensive.

    On the other hand, the United States, Russia, and China are all investing heavily in signature reduction across the spectrum (radar, IR, visual, aural). It begs the question: If stealth isn't worth the money, why does everybody want it?  

    The F-117A Nighthawk was the world's first operational aircraft designed to exploit low-observable stealth technology. This precision-strike aircraft penetrated high-threat airspace and used laser-guided weapons against critical targets. The F-117 Nighthawk's capabilities were based almost totally on its stealth features, the aircraft being neither very fast, agile, or heavily armed. Some analysts argue that making stealth the primary design parameter of an aircraft today is a mistake. U.S. Air Force photo by Master Sgt. Lance Cheung

    Having fielded stealthy tactical aircraft since the 1960s, including the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, and Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, the U.S. Air Force (USAF) is the foremost exponent of stealth technology among the world's air forces. The service's dedication to stealth continues with its major commitment to the F-35.

    But the USAF now has company when it comes to stealthy fighter aircraft in the form of the Russian Sukhoi PAK FA T-50 and the Chinese Chengdu J-20. Recent reports concerning both fifth-generation fighters have caused a stir in the West, leading to speculation about the credibility of these efforts and whether they further support the argument that stealth technology is worth the investment.

    We asked the Air Force a number of questions related to its support for stealthy combat aircraft but were unable to get answers by press time. So we pressed ahead with input from two noted defense aviation experts.

    Richard Aboulafia, vice president of analysis for the Teal Group (an aerospace/defense market intelligence, analysis, and forecasting firm) and defense aviation writer/commentator, views the Russian and Chinese stealthy fighters with a jaundiced eye.

    "My take might be a bit of a departure but it seems to me that the only country that is actually producing aircraft where stealth is one of the primary design and cost drivers is the U.S.," Aboulafia said. "I look at T-50 and right now I see a heavily modified Sukhoi-35 with a bunch of bells and whistles. And the J-20 I regard as somewhere between serious agitprop and practical joke-gone-horribly wrong. But there appear to be people out there with serious credentials who take it seriously so maybe I'm wrong. I mean, one of the very basic tenets of stealth design is that the best place for a canard is on somebody else's aircraft!"

    On the other hand, Bill Sweetman, editor-in-chief for Defense Technology International, characterizes the T-50 and J-20 as "tip of the spear" weapons, likely to be fielded in smaller numbers than the JSF initially and with an alternative slant on stealth.

    "I think they need to be taken very seriously," Sweetman said. "If you look at both aircraft as they exist today, I don't think the approach to stealth is quite the same as has been practiced in the U.S. Certainly, the T-50 is a compromise between stealth and high performance but without getting into the extremes of power, cost, complexity, and size that characterize the F-22. I'm certain that Russia and China have looked at what has happened in the U.S. and have adjusted their approach accordingly. Even the U.S. can't afford the F-22."

    Aboulafia contends that the Chinese stealth fighter may be more about image than reality, but acknowledges that the Russian aircraft is more serious.

      

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    An Empty Battlefield?
    Will precision weapons proliferation limit land force engagement in future conflicts?

    311 iran ship
    Afghan National Army from the 2/2/207th Kandak, Italian Army Operational Mentoring Liaison Team, and Marines from the Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command conduct a combat reconnaissance patrol around the mountains of Bagwa, Farah province, Afghanistan, Feb. 26, 2010. The constant engagement in two wars has prevented the in-depth study of the role precision munitions will play on the battlefield of the future. Technology will give the infantry of the future focus on a wider area. U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Nicholas Pilch


    The demands of two wars have driven American doctrine, training, and acquisition to such an extent that the question, "How will we fight the next conflict?" has been largely neglected for years. The oversight is particularly obvious when it comes to our military's land forces, honed for a decade by America's occupation and counterinsurgency campaigns.

    The defense establishment has begun to seriously grapple with the possibilities of the next war. The threat scenarios of the future and the recent past have common elements, but none may be more strategically and tactically important than the availability of precision munitions (PMs).

    Once the technological "silver bullets" of a handful of nation states, precision munitions are now within reach of most countries and a variety of non-state actors. While the U.S. military has employed them in greater numbers and with greater efficacy than any other force, it has never faced a peer enemy with high-end precision munitions.

    But what if that happens? What would the implications for the land battlefield be? What demands would such a scenario make on ground forces? Would units need to be dispersed and downsized, maintaining contact and command via networks? Would they rely on portable air defense systems? How would they maneuver, gather intelligence, and maintain situational awareness? In the face of weapons several orders of magnitude more lethal than conventional weapons of the past, would the modern land battlefield have radically fewer boots on the ground?

    311 iran ship
    A U.S. Army soldier demonstrates the Joint Tactical Radio System as part of the Army's Network Integration Evaluation 12.1. As the battlefield becomes more and more dominated by precision munitions, the information acquired from advanced networks will be more important to link smaller units separated by distance. U.S. Army photo
    We posed these questions, strategic and tactical, to Col. William G. Braun (Ret.) and Col. Jay Peterson. Braun is a research professor of national security studies and analysis, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College. Peterson is deputy commandant of the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Ga.

    The challenge of a sophisticated opponent with precision munitions is one U.S. land forces are less than optimally prepared for, Braun said.

    "I think that there's a genuine concern with our state of readiness and what part of land force capabilities and skill sets have atrophied."

    He quickly added that our assumptions of future peer-to-peer warfare need to be tempered by strategic probability.

    "In the near term, I think it's going to be what the [recent] literature suggests, more of the kinds of things we see now. There are always a couple likely peer competitor candidates in the world. They have as much at stake in [employing] a strategy that avoids peer-to-peer conflict as we do. So the more likely concern in terms of precision weapons on the battlefield is the 'hybrid threat,' where there is some conventional force capability mixed with an insurgent/criminal network - call it the 'Hezbollah model.'"

    Such conventional forces can punch above their weight using precision munitions, particularly when partnered with intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and other technological assets that may be covertly provided by an ally. And as demonstrated in Iraq and Afghanistan, they will likely use effective but less "sexy" precision munitions.

    "As we're thinking about this, I wouldn't strictly think about high-technology stuff," Braun said. He contends that with their affordability and easier accessibility, low-end PMs - from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) to less sophisticated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) - will play a role on a hybrid battlefield.

    Ironically, a peer opponent might not use high-end precision munitions as we expect against land forces, Braun said.

    "If you did confront a peer that had high-end precision capability in great depth, it would seem to me that they would use such expensive and effective weapons against more valuable soft targets than land forces. I'd be more concerned with air defenses and naval or missile defense systems that could protect critical infrastructure, economic hubs, or soft targets. You'd expect we'd make our land forces more difficult to engage with those weapons so the likelihood of their employment would be against something other than a land force."

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     Sailors Feel The Heat
    Hot topic: training sailors to fight fires, control damage, and help them save their ship

    Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force sailors fight a simulated berthing fire while training at the Center for Naval Engineering Firefighting School at Naval Base San Diego. Twenty-four Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force sailors assigned to the Atago-class guided-missile destroyer JS Ashigara (DDG 178) received damage control training from their U.S. Navy counterparts during two days of instruction at the facility. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class James R. Evans

    "If the ship does not sink within a very few minutes after damage, she probably will survive for several hours."

    - The Handbook of Damage Control, Naval Damage Control Training Center, Philadelphia, May 1945

    For sailors on a fighting ship, fire is not a friend. But don't be alarmed. These shipboard firefighters are well trained.

    Warships must be lethal, able to inflict damage. They must also be survivable, and able to absorb damage and maintain mission integrity. Loaded with fuel and explosives, any fire or damage could be catastrophic. Firefighting on a warship combines urgency with danger, combustion with adrenaline.

    U.S. Navy and French navy sailors assigned to the guided-missile cruiser USS Vicksburg (CG 69) and the French navy destroyer FS Cassard (D614) train together during a damage control drill aboard Vicksburg. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Nick C. Scott
    There are new technologies and concepts in training for shipboard casualties. But realistic training ultimately requires sailors to fight fires face-to-face. A variety of firefighting, damage control and survival training facilities are available around the world, where the trainees can feel the heat.

    A crew must be trained to do the right thing, and do it quickly. Thorough and realistic training can truly save lives, and the ship, especially before the extent of the damage gets out of control. According to a World War II Navy manual, The Handbook of Damage Control, published by the Naval Damage Control Training Center, Philadelphia in May 1945, "If the ship does not sink within a very few minutes after damage, she probably will survive for several hours."

     
    Realistic Training

    Approximately 8,000 students per year are trained in live firefighting techniques at the U.S. Navy's Officer Training Command (OTC) in Newport, RI. Students from OTC and Surface Warfare Officer School, along with Naval Readiness Command One, the U.S. Naval Academy, Coast Guard, and foreign navies are trained here. The 19F3A Trainer is a three-story building which can simulate ship's engine, boiler, and supply rooms, CIC, laundry, electrical, berthing and galley compartments, and  simulates 15 different types of shipboard fires by burning propane gas and dispersing non-toxic simulated smoke. It is a busy place, employed on a 10 hour per day, five day per week, and 50 week per year schedule.

    OTC's damage control trainer, affectionately known as USS Buttercup, is the U.S. Navy's only free-floating flooding trainer. New officers learn shipboard damage control procedures and techniques, then demonstrate proficiency in the trainer as water floods through a variety of broken pipes, cracks and holes and they try to stop the flooding and save the ship. The trainer lists up to ten degrees during the flooding simulation.

    Damage Controlman 2nd Class Erik Borgess, an instructor at the Damage Control A School, helps a midshipman from the University of Memphis Naval ROTC unit egress from a flooding shipboard compartment in the Wet Trainer of the Damage Control A School. The 18 midshipmen participated in Navy training and toured Recruit Training Command. U.S. Navy photo by Scott A. Thornbloom
    All U.S. Navy recruits undergo a capstone experience called Battle Stations 21 at the conclusion of their training at Great Lakes. Each recruit division spends an entire night in the USS Trayer, which simulates a guided missile destroyer. The recruits practice everything they've learned in Boot Camp, as they handle stores, fight fires, move ammunition from flooded compartments and respond to casualties. At the end of the immersive, realistic and exhausting series of scenarios, they remove their "Recruit" ball caps and are presented with U.S. Navy sailor ball caps.

    Other firefighting and damage control trainers are located at different fleet concentration areas, such as Norfolk, Great Lakes, Mayport and San Diego. Submarine damage control trainers are located at the Submarine School in New London as well as at other submarine ports.   The United States also employs contractor training. Fremont Maritime Services in Seattle provides High Risk Firefighting and Damage Control Training Courses for Navy, Coast Guard and Army Watercraft personnel, as well as commercial customers.

    Firefighting trainers used to use kerosene. In the case of a helicopter trainer, the "aircraft" would be doused with fuel and ignited, and the fire party being trained would approach and extinguish the fire. In some cases, this resulted in petroleum seeping into the earth and the groundwater. Today, all U.S. Navy firefighting trainers use propane.

    The Royal Australian Navy's School of Ship Survivability and Safety near HMAS Creswell on Jervis Bay is a CBRN and damage control training facility and includes two firefighting training units and a ship simulator with floodable compartments known as "Counter-Sink."

    The Royal Navy's Sea Survival Training Center at Horsea Island in Portsmouth, U.K., trains sailors in the proper wearing of life jackets and survival suits; abandoning ship procedures; deployment and management of life rafts; effective operation of emergency location aids; treating the sick and injured, including 'cold shock' and exposure in open water.

    The Canadian Navy sends all naval recruits receive to two weeks of training in damage control at Damage Control Training Facility (DCTF) Galiano (named after the only Canadian naval vessel lost during the World War I) at CFB Esquimalt in British Columbia or DCTF Kootenayat Halifax. There is also an annual requirement for the entire ship's company from all fleet units to undergo two-day damage-control organization team training (DCOTT). The facilities offer specialized and advanced training for helicopter firefighting and chemical, nuclear and biological response.

    A Royal Canadian navy firefighter wears the self-contained breathing apparatus while exercising at the Damage Control Division in Esquimalt, B.C. DND photo
    Onboard Instruction

    The training doesn't end after completing the school. In addition to formal training with simulators, ships exercise their firefighting teams regularly so crewmembers can work together when necessary to save their ship

    Being able to save a ship means knowing what to do before a fire or flooding, and to be able to function even in heat, smoke and chaos. On a 4,800-ton frigate like HMCS Calgary, that means knowing where the 46 fire hydrant risers are instelled inside and outside the skin of the ship, as well as the ready-to-use 1.5-inch lines with foam applicators.  Because Halon is still used in engine room turbine enclosures and other critical spaces, those sailors must know about the danger of being in a space where Halon replaces breathable air.

    In port, U.S. Navy ships usually muster their duty section damage control teams on a daily basis, and respond to various casualties, including firefighting, flooding, and rescue and assistance.

    On USS Wasp (LHD 1), the DCs run a Damage Control Academy (DCA) to teach newly reporting crewmembers the right way to work as a team against potentially catastrophic fire, flooding and other damage. The five-day class includes both classroom instruction and practical instruction, such as how to put on and use a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).

    "Our purpose is to give crew members a general knowledge of damage control so that they will be able to fight fires and other hazards without getting hurt," said Damage Controlman 3rd Class (SW) Samuel Moore, one of DCA's instructors on the Wasp. "These skills allow you to become more well-rounded as a sailor and better able to take care of the ship and its equipment. We also give them a general knowledge of the ship as a whole."

    A Nigerian firefighting team practices hose handling during a damage control drill aboard the guided-missile frigate USS Robert G. Bradley (FFG 49) as part of Africa Partnership Station (APS) West. APS is an international security cooperation initiative designed to strengthen global maritime partnerships through training and collaborative activities to improve maritime safety and security in Africa. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Darryl Wood
    "If an emergency happens and you dial 9-1-1, we're the ones who respond," said Damage Controlman 2nd Class (SW/AW) Adrian Edwards, Wasp's DC office work center supervisor. "But we also train the rest of the crew to fight fires because there's always the chance that we could be incapacitated in some way."

    The U.S. Navy also conducts training and drills with other navies, such as the West African nations that participate in Africa Partnership Station.

    The Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division is responsible for simulators, including the firefighting and damage control trainers.
    Damage Control Specialists

    While every sailor on a ship is trained to help save the ship, the experts are the Damage Controlmen (DCs). They are responsible for damage control, ship stability, firefighting, fire prevention, and chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) warfare defense. They operate the specialized equipment, maintain vital systems and train their shipmates.

    In 1948, the Damage Controlman rating was established as a result of the consolidation of the Specialist (F) (Fire Fighters), Carpenter's Mate, Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Joiners), Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Builders), and Painter ratings.

    The duties performed by DCs include:
    • operating, repairing and maintaining installed firefighting systems and equipment, damage control equipment, and chemical, biological and radiological defense equipment;
    • training shipboard personnel in the operation, maintenance and repair of damage control systems and equipment, life saving devices, and various firefighting methods;
    • performing emergency repairs to decks, structures and hulls by emergency pipe patching, plugging, and shoring;
    • performing maintenance and repair of watertight closures and assorted fittings;
    • performing emergency repairs to piping fittings and fixtures;
    • acting as the ships Fire Marshal and firefighting leaders;
    • training ship's company in chemical, biological and radiological defense


       
    Falklands War l Photos

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    Click Here to See More>>>


    Bullets by the Billions:
    Chrysler Switches World War II Production from Cars to Cartridges

    A World War II 70th Anniversary Web Article

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    Here, women workers are conducting a visual inspection of cartridge cases. Workers were trained to spot 10 different defects. National Archives photo


    "Charley, in war you can't say no. If they want 12,500,000 rounds a day, we'll have to give it to them somehow."

    - Chrysler President K.T. Keller to Chrysler Vice President Charles L. Jacobson

    311 iran ship
    This photo shows workers performing the 15th step in the production process, making the final trim of the cartridge case. With so many men being drafted, the war opened opportunities for a major expansion of women in the workforce. National Archives
    In mid-December 1941, as a war industry Office of Production Management meeting in Washington, D.C., was concluding, an OPM official asked Chrysler president K.T. Keller if the company had an available factory with a lot of water. After thinking for a moment, Keller replied, "We have a Plymouth assembly plant at Evansville, Ind., on the Ohio River." The OPM man escorted Keller to the office of then-Lt. Col. Guy H. Drewry of Army Ordnance. Drewry told Keller the army needed three to five billion .45 caliber cartridges. He asked Keller if Chrysler could make them at Evansville.

    Without pausing, Keller said, "Yes."

    The startled Drewry asked, "Do you always make up your mind this fast?"

    "Not always, Colonel," Keller replied. "But we have been hearing more and more about billions in recent years. I still can't imagine what a billion is like, so I'd like to make billions of something and find out."

    Like the other automobile manufacturers, Chrysler had for the past three years devoted a small percentage of its production fulfilling for the military what were known as "educational orders" - small production runs of various military items, the purpose of which was to work out production problems in the boardroom and on the shop floor in advance of America entering the war. With the country now a belligerent, this pre-war exercise between industry and the military, not always harmonious, was being put to the test.

    311 iran ship
    Charles L. Jacobson, vice president of sales for Chrysler, was the plant manager of the Evansville arsenal. National Archives photo
    Within a week of Keller's meeting in Washington, Chrysler vice president Charles L. Jacobson, tasked with organizing and running the new operation, got an Army Ordnance team to inspect and approve the Evansville plant and a letter of intent for the making of 5,000,000 .45 caliber cartridges a day.

    One week later, Army Ordnance phoned Jacobson and increased the order to 7,500,000 rounds a day.

    Within twenty-four hours Army Ordnance again called and gave Jacobson another change order - increasing production to 10,000,000 rounds a day. Before the month ended, that number had jumped yet again to 12,500,000 rounds. Jacobson had doubts such an order could be fulfilled, but with Keller telling him to make it happen, Jacobson worked out a co-production agreement with Sunbeam, who had a plant near Evansville. On Feb. 18, 1942, Washington's Birthday, the formal contract with the government was signed. The transformation of the Evansville plant from assembly line to arsenal began the next day.

    Cartridges made at the Evansville arsenal had seven parts, passed through 48 processing operations, and had to survive 334 quality control inspections. On June 30, 1942, the first bullets produced there were test fired. From June 1942 to April 20, 1944 when the contract ended, Chrysler's Evansville arsenal produced 96 percent of the military's .45 caliber cartridges: 3,264,281,914 rounds. Rejection rate of cartridges was less then .1 percent of production.

    It also produced almost a half-billion .30 caliber cartridges, hundreds of thousands of specialty rounds, reconditioned 1,662 Sherman tanks, rebuilt 4,000 Army trucks, delivered 800,000 tank grousers (track extensions for use in mud), and was preparing to make 7 million fire bombs when the war ended.

    311 iran ship
    A Sherman tank showing grousers, manufactured at the Evansville arsenal, mounted on its treads. The grousers were tread extensions that gave additional traction in mud or snow. National Archives photo
    Because there was a shortage of rolling mills, rather than copper, most of the cartridges out of Evansville were made out of steel, not brass. New technology and equipment had to be developed to make sure steel cartridges were as reliable as brass ones.

    In the early summer of 1943, the Evansville arsenal won the coveted Army-Navy "E" - Excellence - Pennant. In presenting it to the workers, Lt. Col. Miles Chatfield of the Army's Ordnance Department said, "Ninety days after you broke ground, you proof-fired the first ammunition made at this plant. When the Chief of Ordnance asked you to switch from brass to steel you did the seemingly impossible and then when you were asked to convert some of your machines to .30 caliber carbine ammunition, you made the first cup within a week and two weeks later you proof-fired the first round of that ammunition. This all adds up to a remarkable accomplishment performed by those inexperienced in the ways of making ammunition, but with a willingness and devotion to patriotic duty second to none."


    There are only two kinds of people that understand Marines: Marines and the enemy. Everyone else has a second-hand opinion.
    Gen. William Thornson, U.S. Army
     
     
    Ask a Marine what's so special about the Marines and the answer would be "Esprit de Corps," an unhelpful French phrase that means exactly what it looks like - the Spirit of the Corps. But what is that spirit? And where does it come from?
     
    The Marine Corps is the only branch of the U. S. Armed Forces that recruits people specifically to fight. The Army emphasizes personal development (an Army of One), the Navy promises fun (let the journey begin), the Air Force offers security (it's a great way of life). Missing from all the advertisements is the hard fact that a  soldier's life is to suffer and perhaps to die for his people and take lives at the risk of his own. Even the thematic music of the services reflects this evasion. The Army's Caisson Song describes a pleasant country outing; over hill and dale, lacking only a picnic basket. Anchors Aweigh, the Navy's celebration of the joys of sailing, could have been penned by Jimmy Buffet. The Air Force song is a lyric poem of blue skies and engine thrust. All is joyful, and invigorating, and safe. There are no land mines in the dales, nor snipers behind the hills, no submarines or cruise missiles threaten the ocean jaunt, no bandits are lurking in the wild blue yonder.
     
    The Marines' Hymn, by contrast, is all combat: "We fight our Country's battles," "First to fight for right and freedom," "We have fought in every clime and place where we could take a gun," "In many a strife we have fought for life and never lost our nerve."
     
    The choice is made clear. You  may join the Army to go to adventure training, or join the Navy to go to Bangkok , or join the Air Force to go to computer school.
     
    You join the Marine Corps to go to War! But the mere act of signing the enlistment contract confers no status in the Corps. The Army recruit is told from his first minute in uniform that "You're in the Army now, soldier." The Navy and Air Force enlistees are sailors or airmen as soon as they get off the bus at the training center. The new arrival at Marine Corps boot camp is called a recruit, or worse (a lot worse), but never a MARINE. Not yet, maybe never. He or she must earn the right to claim the title of UNITED STATES MARINE, and failure returns you to civilian life without hesitation or ceremony.
     
    Recruit Platoon 2210 at San Diego , California trained from October through December of 1968. In Viet Nam the Marines were taking two hundred casualties a week and the major rainy season and Operation Meade River  had not even begun. Yet Drill Instructors had no qualms about winnowing out almost a quarter of their 112 recruits, graduating only 81. Note that this was post-enlistment attrition. Every one of those 31 who were dropped had been passed by the recruiters as fit for service. But they failed the test of Marine Corps Boot Camp! Not necessarily for physical reasons. At least two were outstanding high school athletes for whom the calisthenics and running were child's play. The cause of their failure was not in the biceps nor the legs, but in the spirit. They had lacked the will to endure the mental and emotional strain so they would not be Marines. Heavy commitments and high casualties not withstanding, the Corps reserves the right to pick and choose whether you are seeing a truck driver, a computer programmer or a machine gunner or a cook or a baker. The Marine is amorphous, even anonymous, by conscious design. The Marine is a Marine. Every Marine is a  rifleman first and foremost, a Marine ... First, Last and Always! You may serve a four-year enlistment or even a twenty-plus-year career without seeing action, but if the word is given you'll charge across that Wheatfield! Whether a Marine has been schooled in automated supply or automotive mechanics or aviation electronics or whatever is immaterial.
     
    Those things are secondary - the Corps does them because it must. The modern battle requires the technical appliances and since the enemy has them, so do we. But no Marine boasts mastery of them. Our pride is in our marksmanship, our discipline, and our membership in a fraternity of courage and sacrifice. "For the honor of the fallen, for the glory of the dead," Edgar Guest wrote of Belleau Wood . "The living line of courage kept the faith and moved ahead."
     
    They are all gone now, those Marines who made a French farmer's little Wheatfield into one of the most enduring of Marine Corps legends.  Many of them did not survive the day and eight long decades have claimed the rest. But their actions are immortal. The Corps remembers them and honors what they did and so they live forever. Dan Daly's shouted challenge takes on its true meaning - if you lie in the trenches you may survive for now, but someday you may die and no one will care. If you charge the guns you may die in the next two minutes, but you will be one of the immortals.
     
    All Marines die in either the red flash of battle or the white cold of the nursing home. In the vigor of youth or the infirmity of age all will eventually die, but the Marine Corps lives on. Every Marine who ever lived is living still, in the Marines who claim the title today.
     
    It is that sense of belonging to something that will outlive our own mortality, which gives people a light to live by and a flame to mark their passing.
     
    Passed on to a Marine from another Marine and to his  friends!
     
    SEMPER FIDELIS


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