am a Cpl. in the Army and just returned from Iraq. I carried my shotgun
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was glad to have it around several times, and it proved to be an easy
way to keep the shotgun handy for the squad. Thanks for your great
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Cpl. C.R. [omitted]
36th Infantry Div.
Got the T-shirt....IT ROCKS!!!!
Sir, The Falcon Chest Harness finally arrived to me at Camp Taji, Iraq.
Thank You! It is now set up for fitting over my IOTV and Battle
(already the guys are asking who to order one from, so you might be getting a few more requests!!!).
Dear SF company.
for sending another t-shirt it looks great the boys in the unit will
want one when they see it. I'll be sending them right to you.
Another happy customer
I was stationed at Camp Pendleton I was in Weapons Company 3/5. The
unit made us t-shirts with the 3/5 logo/emblem/crest, "Consumate
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Your Shirts are the best.
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I thought a little constructive thoughts were in order.
The "HRT" boot knife is well constructed. I had to "hone" the edge though, both sides,to get it up to spec.
for the "GI USMC Combat Knife"......Well, it wasn't really a K-Bar, at
least not one that I've ever seen. It read "US", and above that it read
"Ontario". No worries though, after I used a ceramic sharpening stone on
both the small back edge and the full length edge, I'm quite pleased
with them both. Oh, I almost forgot, both were very pretty well
I'll be purchasing again from you in the near future.
Dear Special Forces
I received my order i have to say that is better than i expected! Thank you and you'll hear fom me soon.
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Thanks Folks. As always you have been most polite and professional. Best wishes for a Merry Christmas and Happy New Year.
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That looks awesome! Is there any logo on the front? Can I buy these off
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love the art work. They are awesome. I'll be ordering mine right after
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Just to let you know all items have been recieved, fantastic quality as all ways.
Cheers Andrew and best wishes for the New Year.
Special Forces Gear Wishes You
a Great Independence Day
was the object of the Declaration of Independence. Not to find out
new principles, or new arguments, never before thought of, not
merely to say things which had never been said before; but to
place before mankind the common sense of the subject, in terms so
plain and firm as to command their assent, and to justify
ourselves in the independent stand we are compelled to take.
Neither aiming at originality of principle or sentiment, nor yet
copied from any particular and previous writing, it was intended
to be an expression of the American mind, and to give to that
expression the proper tone and spirit called for by the occasion."
--Thomas Jefferson (1825)
In celebration of the fourth of July we hope you'll like this story we have selected for you.
Rogers Clark and the
of the Northwest
by Theodore Roosevelt
Have the elder races halted?
Do they droop and end their lesson, wearied over there beyond the seas?
We take up the task eternal, and the burden and the lesson,
Pioneers! O Pioneers!
All the past we leave behind,
We debouch upon a newer, mightier world, varied world;
Fresh and strong the world we seize, world of labor and the march,
Pioneers! O Pioneers!
We detachments steady throwing,
Down the edges, through the passes, up the mountains steep,
Conquering, holding, daring, venturing, as we go the unknown ways,
Pioneers! O Pioneers!
The sachem blowing the smoke first towards the sun and then
towards the earth,
The drama of the scalp dance enacted with painted faces and
The setting out of the war-party, the long and stealthy march,
The single file, the swinging hatchets, the surprise and
slaughter of enemies.
In 1776, when
independence was declared, the United States included only the thirteen
original States on the seaboard. With the exception of a few hunters
there were no white men west of the Alleghany Mountains, and there was
not even an American hunter in the great country out of which we have
since made the States of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, and
Wisconsin. All this region north of the Ohio River then formed apart of
the Province of Quebec. It was a wilderness of forests and prairies,
teeming with game, and inhabited by many warlike tribes of Indians.
Here and there
through it were dotted quaint little towns of French Creoles, the most
important being Detroit, Vincennes on the Wabash, and Kaskaskia and
Kahokia on the Illinois. These French villages were ruled by British
officers' commanding small bodies of regular soldiers or Tory rangers
and Creole partizans. The towns were completely in the power of the
British government; none of the American States had actual possession of
a foot of property in the Northwestern Territory.
The Northwest was
acquired in the midst of the Revolution only by armed conquest, and if
it had not been so acquired, it would have remained a part of the
British Dominion of Canada.
The man to whom
this conquest was due was a famous backwoods leader, a mighty hunter, a
noted Indian-fighter, George Rogers Clark. He was a very strong man,
with light hair and blue eyes. He was of good Virginian family. Early in
his youth, he embarked on the adventurous career of a backwoods
surveyor, exactly as Washington and so many other young Virginians of
spirit did at that period. He traveled out to Kentucky soon after it was
founded by Boone, and lived there for a year, either at the stations or
camping by him self in the woods, surveying, hunting, and making war
against the Indians like any other settler; but all the time his mind
was bent on vaster schemes than were dreamed of by the men around him.
He had his spies out in the Northwestern Territory, and became convinced
that with a small force of resolute backwoodsmen he could conquer it
for the United States. When he went back to Virginia, Governor Patrick
Henry entered heartily into Clark's schemes and gave him authority to
fit out a force for his purpose.
In 1778, after
encountering endless difficulties and delays, he finally raised a
hundred and fifty backwoods riflemen. In May they started down the Ohio
in flatboats to undertake the allotted task. They drifted and rowed
downstream to the Falls of the Ohio, where Clark founded a log hamlet,
which has since become the great city of Louisville.
Here he halted for
some days and was joined by fifty or sixty volunteers; but a number of
the men deserted, and when, after an eclipse of the sun, Clark again
pushed off to go down with the current, his force was but about one
hundred and sixty riflemen. All, however, were men on whom he could
depend--men well used to frontier warfare. They were tall, stalwart
backwoodsmen, clad in the hunting-shirt and leggings that formed the
national dress of their kind, and armed with the distinctive weapon of
the backwoods, the long-barreled, small-bore rifle.
the Mississippi the little flotilla landed, and Clark led his men
northward against the Illinois towns. In one of them, Kaskaskia, dwelt
the British commander of the entire district up to Detroit. The small
garrison and the Creole militia taken together outnumbered Clark's
force, and they were in close alliance with the Indians roundabout.
Clark was anxious to take the town by surprise and avoid bloodshed, as
he believed he could win over the Creoles to the American side. Marching
cautiously by night and generally hiding by day, he came to the
outskirts of the little village on the evening of July 4, and lay in the
woods near by until after nightfall.
him. That evening the officers of the garrison had given a great ball to
the mirth-loving Creoles, and almost the entire population of the
village had gathered in the fort, where the dance was held. While the
revelry was at its height, Clark and his tall backwoodsmen, treading
silently through the darkness, came into the town, surprised the
sentries, and surrounded the fort without causing any alarm.
All the British
and French capable of bearing arms were gathered in the fort to take
part in or look on at the merrymaking. When his men were posted Clark
walked boldly forward through the open door, and, leaning against the
wall, looked at the dancers as they whirled around in the light of the
flaring torches. For some moments no one noticed him. Then an Indian who
had been lying with his chin on his hand, looking carefully over the
gaunt figure of the stranger, sprang to his feet, and uttered the wild
dancing ceased and the men ran to and fro in confusion; but Clark,
stepping forward, bade them be at their ease, but to remember that
henceforth they danced under the flag of the United States, and not
under that of Great Britain.
The surprise was
complete, and no resistance was attempted. For twenty-four hours the
Creoles were in abject terror. Then Clark summoned their chief men
together and explained that he came as their ally, and not as their foe,
and that if they would join with him they should be citizens of the
American republic, and treated in all respects on an equality with their
comrades. The Creoles, caring little for the British, and rather fickle
of nature, accepted the proposition with joy, and with the most
enthusiastic loyalty toward Clark. Not only that, but sending messengers
to their kinsmen on the Wabash, they persuaded the people of Vincennes
likewise to cast off their allegiance to the British king, and to hoist
the American flag.
So far, Clark had
conquered with greater ease than he had dared to hope. But when the news
reached the British governor, Hamilton, at Detroit, he at once prepared
to reconquer the land. He had much greater forces at his command than
Clark had; and in the fall of that year he came down to Vincennes by
stream and portage, in a great fleet of canoes bearing five hundred
fighting men-British regulars, French partizans, and Indians. The
Vincennes Creoles refused to fight against the British, and the American
officer who had been sent thither by Clark had no alternative but to
If Hamilton had
then pushed on and struck Clark in Illinois, having more than treble
Clark's force, he could hardly have failed to win the victory; but the
season was late and the journey so difficult that he did not believe it
could be taken. Accordingly he disbanded the Indians and sent some of
his troops back to Detroit, announcing that when spring came he would
march against Clark in Illinois.
If Clark in turn
had awaited the blow he would have surely met defeat; but he was a
greater man than his antagonist, and he did what the other deemed
Hamilton had sent home some of his troops and dispersed all his Indians,
Clark realized that his chance was to strike before Hamilton's soldiers
assembled again in the spring. Accordingly he gathered together the
pick of his men, together with a few Creoles, one hundred and seventy
all told, and set out for Vincennes. At first the journey was easy
enough, for they passed across the snowy Illinois prairies, broken by
great reaches of lofty woods. They killed elk, buffalo, and deer for
food, there being no difficulty in getting all they wanted to eat; and
at night they built huge fires by which to sleep, and feasted "like
Indian war-dancers," as Clark said in his report.
Clark's march to Vincennes-the most celebrated event of
his career-has been often depicted, as in this illustration by F. C.
But when, in the
middle of February, they reached the drowned lands of the Wabash, where
the ice had just broken up and everything was flooded, the difficulties
seemed almost insuperable, and the march became painful and laborious to
a degree. All day long the troops waded in the icy water, and at night
they could with difficulty find some little hillock on which to sleep.
Only Clark's indomitable courage and cheerfulness kept the party in
heart and enabled them to persevere. However, persevere they did, and at
last, on February 23, they came in sight of the town of Vincennes. They
captured a Creole who was out shooting ducks, and from him learned that
their approach was utterly unsuspected, and that there were many
Indians in town.
Clark was now in
some doubt as to how to make his fight. The British regulars dwelt in a
small fort at one end of the town, where they had two light guns; but
Clark feared lest, if he made a sudden night attack, the townspeople and
Indians would from sheer fright turn against him. He accordingly
arranged, just before he himself marched in, to send in the captured
duck-hunter, conveying a warning to the Indians and the Creoles that he
was about to attack the town, but that his only quarrel was with the
British, and that if the other inhabitants would stay in their own homes
they would not be molested. Sending the duck-hunter ahead, Clark took
up his march and entered the town just after nightfall. The news
conveyed by the released hunter astounded the townspeople, and they
talked it over eagerly, and were in doubt what to do. The Indians, not
knowing how great might be the force that would assail the town, at once
took refuge in the neighboring woods, while the Creoles retired to
their own houses. The British knew nothing of what had happened until
the Americans had actually entered the streets of the little village.
Rushing forward, Clark's men soon penned the regulars within their fort,
where they kept them surrounded all night. The next day a party of
Indian warriors, who in the British interest had been ravaging the
settlements of Kentucky, arrived and entered the town, ignorant that the
Americans had captured it. Marching boldly forward to the fort, they
suddenly found it beleaguered, and before they could flee they were
seized by the backwoodsmen. In their belts they carried the scalps of
the slain settlers. The savages were taken redhanded, and the American
frontiersmen were in no mood to show mercy. All the Indians were
tomahawked in sight of the fort.
For some time the
British defended themselves well; but at length their guns were
disabled, all of the gunners being picked off by the backwoods marksmen,
and finally the garrison dared not so much as appear at a port-hole, so
deadly was the fire from the long rifles. Under such circumstances
Hamilton was forced to surrender.
No attempt was
afterward made to molest the Americans in the land they had won, and
upon the conclusion of peace the Northwest, which had been conquered by
Clark, became part of the United States.
US Postage Stamp, 1929 issue designed by F.C. Yohn; George Rogers Clark recaptured Fort Sackville in the February 23, 1779 Battle of Vincennes without losing a single soldier
George Rogers Clark
(November 19, 1752 - February 13, 1818) was a soldier from Virginia
and the highest ranking American military officer on the northwestern
frontier during the American Revolutionary War. He served as leader of
the Kentucky (then part of Virginia) militia throughout much of the
war. Clark is best known for his celebrated captures of Kaskaskia
(1778) and Vincennes (1779), which greatly weakened British influence
in the Northwest Territory. Because the British ceded the entire
Northwest Territory to the United States in the 1783 Treaty of Paris,
Clark has often been hailed as the "Conqueror of the Old Northwest."
achievements all came before his 30th birthday. Afterwards he led
militia in the opening engagements of the Northwest Indian War, but
was accused of being drunk on duty. Despite his demand for a formal
investigation into the accusations, he was disgraced and forced to
resign. He left Kentucky to live on the Indiana frontier. Never fully
reimbursed by Virginia for his wartime expenditures, Clark spent the
final decades of his life evading creditors, and living in increasing
poverty and obscurity. He was involved in two failed conspiracies to
open the Spanish-controlled Mississippi River to American traffic. After
suffering a stroke and losing his leg, Clark was aided in his final
years by family members, including his younger brother William, one of
the leaders of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Clark died of a stroke
on February 13, 1818.
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|Special Operations Forces Capability Demonstration|
|D-Day: June 6, 1944|
|Word of Truth|
Happy 4th of July
By Rev G.J. Rako
LTC IN USAR (Ret)
Government of the
people, by the people, and for the people...the land of the free and
home of the brave is becoming the land of the enslaved and the home of
the spineless. The have-nots are taking from the haves, through
redistribution of wealth.
Every problem we have in
this country can be directly traced back to the five hundred or so
tyrants that make up our three braches of government. We elected them.
Therefore, "we the people" only have ourselves to blame. The
constitution of the United States has become little more than a list
of suggestions that most of our government servants refuse to follow.
They trample the constitution under foot every day of their miserable
The proposed (and
original) hate crime legislation ("Matthew Shepard Hate Crimes
Prevention Act," which is better known to conservatives as the
"Pedophile Protection Act is the latest in a string of insane
legislation. The forthcoming "poison pill" amendment will mirror House
bill, H.R. 1913. This has already passed 249-175 along strict party
lines, which makes "sexual orientation," "gender," and "gender identity"
into federally-protected classes under the law, and codifies federal
protection of up to 547 types of sexually deviant behaviors,
* Incest - sex with one's offspring (a crime, of course)
* Necrophilia - sexual relations with a corpse, also a crime
* Pedophilia- sex with an underage child, another crime
* Zoophilia - a crime in numerous states
* Voyeurism - a criminal offense in most states
* Fronteurism - a man rubbing against an unknown woman's buttocks
* Coprophilia - sexual arousal from feces
* Urophilia - sexual arousal from urine (seeks to create a protected class of people.)
Whatever happened to
equality under the law? Hate crime legislation makes the motivation of a
crime the crime itself. Motivation is thought, so therefore government
can now regulate your thoughts. Since when is thinking a crime? Only
since hate crime legislation was signed into law. Thoughts lead to
words, so then, not only is freedom of speech is gone, but now freedom
of thinking is also to be regulated.
government we now have will take this legislation and parlay it into
imprisonment for anyone that dares to disagree with their progressive
They will shut down all media that opposes their evil plans. They whine and complain about the alleged atrocities at Abu Ghraib,
while dreaming of the day they can lock you up as a dissident. Sounds
like the old Soviet Union. Happy forth of July!
The progressives have an
idea to lift up the poor and downtrodden. How noble this sounds, no
more poverty. Yet Jesus Christ, the creator of the universe, the Alpha
and the Omega, the beginning and the end said, "the poor, you will have
with you always."
The progressive system
is to take from the rich and working and give to the sick, lame, and
lazy. Their great cause is to make us all equal by destroying the middle
class and the wealthy. We will all be poor and dependent on government
(the great messiah.) Why should you have freedom to work hard, be
successful, and get ahead by creating wealth and jobs? Those that are
lazy, criminal, or stupid cannot, or will not achieve wealth, so we must
take it away from you and give it to them. Redistribution of wealth was
a campaign promise of the "one", remember Joe the plumber?
This is treason! As
members of the armed forces, we took an oath to protect and defend the
constitution of the United States of America, against all enemies
foreign and domestic. Do you see any domestic enemies? Are our enemies
holding elected office? These same people are systematically dismantling
our nation and incredibly, they took that same oath.
If I tried to list every
anti constitutional law, bill or pending legislation the stack of paper
would reach the moon. Each of you knows that our freedoms are eroding
at a mind-boggling pace, and each of you can compile your own list of
evils perpetrated by our elected servants of the people. The question
is, what people are they serving? And yes, they are both democrats and
republicans. Happy 4th of July!
The government cannot save you.
Jeremiah 17:5 Thus
says the Lord, "Cursed is the man who trusts in man, and
makes flesh his strength, And whose heart turns away from
Psalms 146:3 Do not trust in princes (elected or bureaucrats), In mortal man, in whom there is no salvation.
Psalms 118:8 It is better to take refuge in the Lord than to trust in man.
Jeremiah 17:7 "Blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord And whose trust is the Lord.
The answer to the
end of prosperity in America is not found in mankind. The problems of
this once great nation will not be solved by political activism.
security, or prosperity does not depend upon who is in office, but
rather in the living God who is on His throne in heaven. The solutions
to our problems, whether they are personal, or national are found in the
unique person of the universe.
If you have not
yet made that most important of all decisions, the decision to believe
in the name of the uniquely born Son of God, Jesus Christ, then take a
few moments to consider the issue.
There is a God in
heaven and He loves you very much, His name is Jesus Christ. In order to
benefit from the Word of God you must be a member of God's family.
"For God loved the world so much, that He gave His uniquely
born Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have
Acts 4:12 "And
there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other
name under heaven that has been given among men by which
we must be saved.
Acts 16:31 Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and you will be saved.
John 14:6Jesus said
to him, "I am the way, and the truth,
and the life; no one comes to the Father but through
John 10:30 "I and the Father are one."
"He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does
not obey the (command to believe in the) Son will not see life, but
the wrath of God abides on him."
"I am no longer
in the world; and yet they themselves are in
the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep
them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may
be one even as We are.
John 17:21 that
they may all be one; even as You, Father, are in Me
and I in You, that they also may be in Us, so that the world
may believe that You sent Me.
Nevertheless knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the
Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in
Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by
the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law no flesh will be
4:20-22 Yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver
in unbelief but grew strong in faith, giving glory to
God, and being fully assured that what God had
promised, He was able also to perform. Therefore, it was also
credited to him as righteousness.
2:8-9 For by grace you have been saved through faith;
and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of
God; not as a result of works, so that no one may boast.
Once you have made
this most important of all decisions you become a new creature in
Christ (2 Cor 5:17). As a new spiritual being you can understand the
things of the Spirit.
John 4:24 God is spirit and thosewhoworship Him must worship in spirit and truth (Holy Spirit and Bible doctrine).
Understanding the cause of our problems will lead us to the solution to our problems.
Isaiah 5:13 Therefore
My people go into exile for their lack of knowledge; and their
honorable men are famished, and their multitude is parched with thirst.
Hosea 4:6 My
people are destroyed for lack of knowledge, because you
have rejected knowledge, I also will reject you from being My
priest (nation). Since you have forgotten the law of your God,
I also will forget your children.
If you are
interested in becoming part of the solution instead of being part of the
problem then you must make the Word of God a priority in your life.
True Christian patriots will fulfill the Biblical commands to take the
high ground of the spiritual life.
2 Chronicles 7:14
and if My people who are called by My name humble themselves and pray
and seek My face and turn from their wicked ways,
then I will hear from heaven, and I
will forgive their sin and will heal their land.
Until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of
the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature, which
belongs to the fullness of Christ.
1 Corinthians 14:20 Brethren, do not be children in your thinking; yet in evil be infants, but in your thinking be mature.
Hebrews 5:14 But solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil.
Hebrews 6:1 Therefore
leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on
to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead
works and of faith toward God.
And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by
the renewing of your mind (thinking), so that you may prove
what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect.
Philippians 2:5 Have this thinking in you which was also in Christ Jesus,
Spiritual maturity is attained only by transferring Bible doctrine from the pages of scripture into your soul (thinking).
Ephesians 4:14 As
a result, we are no longer to be children, tossed here and there by
waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine, by the trickery
of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming.
Titus 1:9 holding
fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so
that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to
refute those who contradict.
2 Peter 3:18 but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
absolutely no place for a Christians to involve themselves in
revolution, armed violence, or destruction of property. Government is an
institution created by God to protect the human race from itself. Gods
plan for the human race is nationalism. Internationalism or globalism is
evil. God made this clear at the destruction of the tower of Babel
We are to obey those in government no matter how much we may disagree with them.
13:1-14 Every person is to be in subjection to the governing
authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and
those which exist are established by
God. Therefore, whoever resists authority has opposed
the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive
condemnation upon themselves.For rulers are not a cause of fear for
good behavior, but for evil. Do you want to have no fear of authority?
Do what is good and you will have praise from the same; for it is a
minister of God to you for good. But if you do what is evil, be afraid;
for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of
God, an avenger who brings wrath on the one who practices evil.
Therefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of
wrath, but also for conscience' sake. For because of this you also pay
taxes, for rulers are servants of God, devoting themselves to
this very thing.Render to all what is due them tax to whom
tax is due, custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom
And Jesus said to them, "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's,
and to God the things that are God's." And they were amazed at Him.
Our lives can be full of
happiness, security, peace, and contentment. These things are
guaranteed to those believers who love God.
Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy
and peace in believing, so that you will abound in hope by the
power of the Holy Spirit.
2 Corinthians 13:11
Finally, brethren, rejoice, be made complete, be comforted, be
like-minded, live in peace; and the God of love and
peace will be with you.
The things you have learned and received and heard and seen in me,
practice these things, and the God of peace will be
Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.
2 Peter 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord
2 John 1:3
Grace, mercy and peace will be with us,
from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the
Son of the Father, in truth and love
But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace,
patience, kindness, goodness,
faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such
things there is no law.
Living your life
in the light of eternity changes your focus from your insignificant
problems to the One who has provided solutions to all problems. God has a
perfect plan for your life. Learn the Word of God, trust what you
learn, believe that what God has promised, He is also able to bring to
deliver (Rom 4:21). Happy 4th of July!
Contact Reverend Rako >>
a friend shared some photos of a funeral that was for a returning Army
Warrior from Iraq. The photos depicted country streets lined with men,
women, and children that had all stopped what ever they were doing
that day to honor the fallen Warrior. The images reminded me how much I
love this country and why I wear a shield.
of these grateful citizens were holding large American flags in their
hands and if they didn't have a flag then most of them had a hand over
U.P.S. delivery driver was pulled off the road and stood at attention
with his hand over his heart. The cars in the procession all had
American flags in the passenger windows as they drove past.
children were standing elbow to elbow and all of them were waiving
small parade style American flags. Business owners and customers stopped
doing business long enough to come outside and pay their respects
along the side of the street with their hands over their hearts as the
theme here is simple, these Americans were honoring a Patriot Warrior.
They also wore the grief on their face as if it were their own
husband, father or brother passing them when that Hurst with the flag
draped coffin slowly drove by.
witness this type of Patriotism is a reminder of why we risk our
tomorrows for these good Americans. Whether we hit the streets everyday
in a squad car or we gear up for another patrol mission over seas, we
all have one thing in common, we are all Patriot Warriors.
can find no greater Patriot than the one whom risks his life for his
country. I would like to remind you Warriors out there that the silent
majority, values and cherishes the Patriot that fights for his country.
It is the Warrior whom they rely on daily for their safety, peace and
It is easy
to lose focus of the true meaning of our Warrior Spirit. Every day we
are confronted with people who's values are less than desirable. Every
day the news media reports only the things we do wrong. Every day we
battle with mortality as we work in the world that most people fear.
As, I leave for work I kiss my youngest son on the forehead without
hesitating, knowing that this could be the last. It is this kind of
commitment that makes the Patriot Warrior.
day we must remind ourselves that we are America's Patriot Warriors.
Here are Webster's definitions of a Patriot and a Warrior:
Patriot: One who loves his or her country and supports it's authority and interests.
Warrior: A man experienced or engaged in warfare.
My definition of a Patriot Warrior:
Those men and woman whom dress for battle every day, willing to
sacrifice their own life to fight for and preserve the peace and
freedoms of all Americans.
I think of a Patriot Warrior I think of my father, who is a retired
Command Sergeant Major with the U.S. Army. After serving two tours in
Viet-Nam he retuned home and was hitch hiking in uniform from the
airport to our home. He was met with people that preferred to spit at
him then give him a ride home to his infant son and wife. Many years
would pass but when the Gulf War started to take root he didn't hesitate
to defend those same Americans who cast him aside. He served in the
Gulf War and his selflessness to serve in another war is a shinning
example of a Patriot Warrior.
The great Shawnee Warrior, Tecumseh (Crouching Panther) said it best:
us form one body, one heart, and defend to the last warrior our
country, our homes, our liberty, and the graves of our fathers.
- Tecumseh, 1813
regardless if you patrol the streets in a blue uniform or patrol
foreign deserts in camouflage remember that the silent majority in this
country counts on you to deliver peace and freedom.
of long ago count on us, as you are America's sons of patriotism. It
is your duty to honor their sacrifices and carry the torch of freedom.
training with realism is the primary factor that will help build
better cognitive thinking skills so when SWAT cops are subjected to
actual combat they will feel that they've already been there and been
exposed to that environment. There are several techniques you can use
when training SWAT cops to achieve this, but introducing stress into
all of your training is paramount.
Sgt. Glenn French
French, a Sergeant with the Sterling Heights (Mich.) Police Department,
has 22 years police experience and currently serves as the Team
Commander for the Special Response Team, and Sergeant of the Sterling
Heights Police Department Training Bureau. He has 14 years SWAT
experience and served as a Sniper Team Leader, REACT Team Leader, and
has instructed basic and advanced SWAT / Tactical officer courses,
basic and advanced Sniper courses, Cold Weather / Winter Sniper
Operations and Active Shooter Response courses, Tactical Lifesaver
Course and others. Sgt French served in the U.S. Army. During his
military tenure Sgt French gained valuable experience in C.Q.B.,
infantry tactics and explosive breaching operations. He is the author of
"Police Tactical Life Saver" and President of
|Effective Delegation Saves Time,
Yet Initially it Requires Time
Effective Delegation Saves Time, yet Initially it Requires Time
- Delegation is the process of entrusting a task or a part of a task to others.
what cannot be delegated - make sure you properly assess the task and
the level of competency, confidentiality, and commitment required to
complete the given task SUCCESSFULLY. Do not put yourself or any of your
Team in a position where they cannot succeed. Remember: Failure can be
successful if learning occurs.
- Granting Authority: you can
delegate authority, however you cannot delegate responsibility. When you
delegate a task, it is important to remember this: in the eyes of YOUR
Manager, ultimately you are still responsible for the successful
completion of all tasks delegated to you, INCLUDING the tasks that you
delegate to others.
- Creates an Obligation: delegation creates an
obligation for both of you-to each other. This mutual obligation,
granting authority and entrusting a task are like a three-legged stool.
Each depends on the others to support the whole. No one can stand alone.
Deterrents to Delegation
1. Why don't I delegate better ?
can do it better myself." -Yes, AND you can't do it ALL better
yourself. For most of us, there is too much to do and too little time to
do it. Take the time to develop others. Someday they may be sitting in
- "I can't trust others to do it as well." -Trust is
reciprocal. You get what you give. As a leader you may have to take the
first step towards building trust with your team. Delegating a task to
someone shows that you trust them to handle the responsibility and you
believe in their abilities.
- "I am reluctant to take the risk
they'll fail." -Taking risk is a part of a leader's job. If you're not
taking risks and making mistakes you're probably not leading much.
Remember, leaders operate where things are being done for the first
time, where there is no road map. You're bound to take a wrong turn. We
all make mistakes - recover and move on.
- "I don't have time to
involve others." -Then make time. It may cost you time upfront, however,
the long term investment ensures a solid foundation of informed,
trained, and competent team members/associates.
- "I feel my team
members resent when I follow up on their work." -Following up is done
out of RESPECT for them and their work. Because you RESPECT and
APPRECIATE your team members and the contributions they make, it is your
job as a leader to confirm how much value they add. Additionally,
follow up will help you and your team members decide where the learning
opportunities are simply by conducting brief After Action Review (AAR)
or "lessons learned."
- "I can't bring myself to delegate 'busy
work'." - Busy work is a part of any organization and any job function.
If they are going to be standing in your shoes eventually, let's make
sure they understand up front just how they fit and what comes with the
- "I can't delegate to my friends." - It's hard to
separate work from fun, family from friends, and team members from
friends. Oh, well. That's just part of being a leader. Get used to it.
There is no easy way out for a leader. Keep the communication open and
treat others with dignity and respect. FRIENDS will understand.
is already busy." - THAT'S AN EXCUSE! So are you! Try to identify areas
where consolidation may be appropriate. We're all busy all the time.
It's like the weather: Accept it or move.
2. Why team members resist delegation ?
don't know how to do the task. -Based on the priorities you set and the
"NLT" (No Later Than) completion time of the task you or your Customers
establish, make time to train others how to complete tasks essential to
your organization's success. The more value they add, the more valuable
they are to you, the team, and the organization. Remember, people make
the difference, they are you only true, long-term competitive advantage.
have a fear of failure, of criticism of mistakes. - Coach them through
the learning curve. Reassure them that mistakes are learning
opportunities and that criticism (feedback) is a gift when presented
- They lack confidence in their abilities. - I can't
think of a better way to build their confidence than to delegate to them
and give them the opportunity to succeed and add value. Enough said.
don't understand what is expected. - Remember we all have different
"input" channels and "sorting" styles. Remember, everyone interprets
things differently. To some a BOW adorns a package, to others it is a
part of a ship. Be Clear. Don't make assumptions. Ask them to paraphrase
until you're certain the expectations are mutually understood.
don't have time. - Neither do you! You don't have time to waste getting
team members up the learning curve either. Task organization and time
management are essential to mission success. Delegation provides a
learning opportunity for everyone. Problems will always exist and can be
found everywhere. At any time anyone on your team may need to assume
the leadership role and complete the task. Delegation helps prepare
others so no time is lost when roles must change quickly.
- They don't like doing it. - SO! We all must do things we don't like to do. It's a part of life, get used to it.
feel inadequate. - WHY? This sounds like an opportunity to practice
good listening skills. Sit down with them and find out "why", then
develop a plan to coach them through their insecurities.
- They already feel overworked. - I know, so do I, empathize don't sympathize.
done it before. - Great! Then maybe they can do it better again, OR,
maybe they can teach someone else how they do it and hone their
- They find it easier to ask than to decide. -
At some point they need to learn how to make decisions. Easy isn't a
good enough reason to resist. A path with no obstacles would probably
lead nowhere and is well traveled. Each of us has a personal
responsibility to learn and grow as much as we can. To choose not to do
something because it is difficult or challenging is simple laziness and
you are depriving yourself of a learning opportunity.
- They don't
possess the proper attitude. - WHY? As a leader you need to go find
out. It's your job. Don't keep stragglers on the team. Be sure you are
doing everything possible to redirect their attitude through feedback
and coaching. If you have confidently expended all means then you must
trust that they are in control of their own behavior. You may correct
the attitude through communication and you may not and you may have to
cut your losses at some point and move on. It's a part of being a
How can I Delegate Better?
the abilities of your team members. -By working with your team,
practicing the Four Factors of Leadership, and through experience your
ability to assess others will improve. Listen to your gut. Often it is
the only choice you have.
Respect your team members as people. -
That's right. PEOPLE not machines. They have feelings, emotions, and
problems; Beliefs, Values, and Norms just like you. Don't forget that.
an "Open Mind!" - The ability to remain "open" about others' ideas and
contributions is essential for leadership. It is extremely hard to do as
we tend to view the world through our eyes and our experiences.
Remember leadership exists in the unknown. Keep an open mind and keep
Understand that mistakes will be made. - Cool! First
time mistakes are learning opportunities. Be sure to debrief with
subordinates when mistakes occur. A mistake the second time is your
learning opportunity: You didn't prepare / train them enough after the
first mistake occurred.
delegation saves time AND initially requires time: YOUR TIME! It's a
long term investment for you, your team, your Customers, and your
- Delegation is not a shortcut to avoiding
responsibility. You can delegate authority but you can't delegate
responsibility. Delegation saves time through task
organization/distribution and by teaming up problem solvers with the
appropriate skills to solve them efficiently.
- Don't waste valuable time. You can never regain lost time. NEVER!
the right "Climate." The right climate is one that promotes successful
behaviors and stimulates growth. Be approachable and be sure to approach
your team members with the intent of helping them be successful. If you
help others succeed, in turn, you too will be successful.
- Follow the basic steps of delegating.
- Assess the task.
- Consider the Four Factors of Leadership: The Led, The Leader, The Situation, Communications.
- Consider the confidentiality, competency, and commitment required of the individual or team.
- Provide leadership essentials: Purpose, Direction, and Motivation.
- Clearly state the Task, Conditions (resources), and Standards (outcomes).
- Be accessible for help.
- Follow up and give feedback: Reinforce what you want more of and redirect what you want less of.
you do the whole thing yourself, you are ensuring that the next time
you will have no choice but to do it again since no one else learned
Select a Task for Delegation and use this Outline:
- Identify the task and asses it. Evaluate the skills required.
- Consider the Four Factors of Leadership. How do they apply to this task?
- Consider the competence and commitment of team members. - select a person or persons to complete the task.
- Identify and provide:
- Purpose - Why are we doing it?
- Direction - Where to begin; orientation of tasks.
- Motivation - Fuel for the fire.
- Identify and clearly state:
- Task - What is to be completed or accomplished.
- Conditions-resources available for this task.
- Standards-Minimum results expected.
- Be accessible for help. Inquire about progress. Spot-check along the way.
- Follow up:
- Was the task completed successfully according to criteria?
- If no, identify reasons why-conduct AAR.
- How can you turn failure into a successful learning experience for both of you?
- What feedback will you provide from this process?
About the author: Dean Hohl
has been leading teams and coaching individuals professionally since
1993. From '88 - '92 Dean served with 3rd Ranger Battalion during which
he helped in the removal of Manuel Noriega in 1989 when he parachuted
onto a hostile Panamanian airstrip.
graduated Ranger School with honors earning one of two distinguished
"Merrill's Marauders" awards; an award earned only by two each class and
chosen by his peer group for demonstrating exceptional teamwork,
leadership, and communication under long periods of stress and pressure
- often the result of days without food or sleep - throughout the
entire 72 day course. Dean completed his Ranger service with honor at
the rank of Sergeant.
What goes first when the SHTF?
This is a list of the
100 items that disappeared first during the Sarajevo War. Remember, this
is a country that hosted the Olympic Games just a few years earlier in
1984, then in 1990 the whole country started down the short road to
- Generators (Good cost. Gas storage, risky, noisy....target, maintenance etc.)
- Water filters/purifiers
- Portable toilets
- Seasoned firewood. Wood takes about 6-12 months to dry, for home uses.
- Lamp oil, wicks, & lamps
- Coleman Fuel
- Guns, ammunition, pepper spray, knives, clubs, bats & slingshots.
- Hand can-openers, hand egg beaters, & whisks.
- Honey, syrups, white & brown sugar
- Rice, beans, wheat
- Vegetable oil (for cooking) without it food burns/must be boiled etc.)
- Charcoal, lighter fluid (Will be scarce suddenly)
- Water containers (Urgent item to obtain) Any size, small: HARD CLEAR PLASTIC ONLY - Note: Food grade if for drinking.
- Mini heater head (Propane-without this item, propane won't heat a room).
- Grain grinder (Non-electric).
- Propane cylinders (Urgent: definite shortages will occur).
- Survival guide books.
- Mantles: Aladdin, Coleman, etc. (Without this item, longer-term lighting is difficult.)
- Baby supplies: diapers, formula, ointments, aspirin, etc.
- Washboards, mop bucket w/wringer (for laundry).
- Cookstoves (Propane, Coleman & Kerosene or old wood wired ones).
- Propane cylinder handle holder (Small canister use is dangerous without this).
- Feminine hygiene, hair care, and skin products.
- Thermal underwear (Tops & bottoms).
- Bow saws, axes, hatchets, wedges, and honing oil.
- Aluminum foil, regular and heavy duty (Great for cooking and barter item).
- Gasoline containers (Plastic and metal).
- Garbage bags (impossible to have to many).
- Toilet Paper, Kleenex, paper towels
- Milk - powdered and condensed (Shake liquid every 3-4 months).
- Garden seeds (non-hybrid a must).
- Clothes pins, line, hangers (a must).
- Coleman's pump repair kit.
- Tuna fish (in oil).
- Fire extinguishers (or a large box of baking soda in every room).
- First aid kits.
- Batteries (all sizes - buy furthest out for expiration dates)
- Garlic, spices, vinegar, and baking supplies.
- Big dogs and plenty of dog food.
- Flour, yeast, & salt.
- Matches (Strike anywhere preferred). Boxed wooden matches will go first.
- Writing paper, pads, pencils, solar calculators.
- Insulated ice chests (Good for keeping items from freezing in the wintertime).
- Workboots, belts, Levis, and durable shirts.
- Flashlights, lightsticks, torches, and "No. 76 Dietz" lanterns.
- Journals, diaries, and scrapbooks (jot down ideas, feelings, experiences - historical times)
- Garbage cans (Plastic - great for storage, water, transporting - if with wheels)
- Men's hygiene: shampoo, toothbrush, paste, mouthwash, floss, nail clippers, etc.
- Cast iron cookware (Sturdy, efficient).
- Fishing supplies, tools.
- Mosquito coils, repellent, sprays, creams.
- Duct tape.
- Tarps, stakes, twine, nails, rope, and spikes.
- Laundry detergent (liquid)
- Backpacks and duffel bags.
- Garden tools and supplies.
- Scissors, fabrics, and sewing supplies.
- Canned fruits, veggies, soups, stews, etc.
- Bleach (Plain, NOT scented: 4-6% sodium hypochlorite).
- Canning supplies, jars, lids, and wax.
- Knives and sharpening tools: files, stones, and steel.
- Bicycles, tires, tubes, pumps, chains, etc.
- Sleeping bags, blankets, pillows, and mats.
- Carbon Monoxide Alarm (battery powered).
- Board games, cards, dice.
- D-con rat poison, Mouse Prufe II, roach killer.
- Mousetraps, ant traps, and cockroach magnets.
- Paper plates, cups, and utensils (stock up folks)
- Baby wipes, oils, waterless and antibacterial soap (saves a lot of water).
- Rain gear, rubberized boots, etc.
- Shaving supplies (razors, creams, talc, and after shave).
- Hand pumps and siphons (for water and for fuels).
- Soy sauce, vinegar, bullion, gravy, soup base.
- Reading glasses.
- Chocolate, cocoa, tang, punch, (water enhancers).
- Woolen clothing, scarves, earmuffs, mittens, and gloves.
- Boy Scout handbook and leaders catalog.
- Roll-on window insulation kit.
- Graham crackers, saltines, pretzels, trail mix, jerky.
- Popcorn, peanut butter, nuts.
- Socks, underwear, t-shirts, etc. (extras).
- Lumber (all types).
- Wagons and carts (for transport to and from).
- Cots and inflatable mattresses.
- Gloves: work, warming, gardening, etc.
- Lantern hangers.
- Screen patches, glue, nails, screws, nuts and bolts.
- Wine and liquor (for bribes, medicinal, etc.).
- Paraffin wax.
- Glue, nails, nuts, bolts, screws, etc.
- Chewing gum and candies.
- Atomizers (for cooling and bathing).
- Hats and cotton neckerchiefs.
- Goats and chickens.
From a Sarajevo War Survivor:
horrible things that can happen in war such as the death of parents and
friends, hunger and malnutrition, endless freezing cold, fear, sniper
attacks you learn the following things:
- Stockpiling helps, but you never know how long trouble will last, so locate near renewable food sources.
- Living near a well with manual pump is like being in Eden.
awhile, even gold can lose its luster. But there is no luxury in war
quite like toilet paper. Its surplus value is greater than gold's.
you had to go without one utility, lose electricity - it's the easiest
to do without (unless you're in a very nice climate with no need for
- Canned foods
are awesome, especially if their contents are tasty without heating.
One of the best things to stockpile is canned gravy - it makes a lot of
the dry unappetizing things you find to eat in war somewhat edible. Only
needs enough heat to "warm", not to cook. It's cheap too, especially if
you buy it in bulk.
some books - escapist ones like romance or mysteries become more
valuable as the war continues. Sure it's great to have a lot of survival
guides, but you'll figure most of that out on your own anyway - trust
me, you'll have a lot of time on your hands.
feeling that you're human can fade pretty fast. I can't tell you how
many people I knew who would have traded a much needed meal for just a
little bit of toothpaste, rouge, soap, or cologne. Not much point in
fighting if you have to lose your humanity. These things are
moral-builders like nothing else.
- Stock up on slow burning candles and matches, matches, matches.
About the author: Jason Hunt
is the President of Frontier Christian University and the Chief
Instructor for Hunt Survival, Inc. a wilderness & rescue training
institute based in Kentucky.
People Motivated by Freedom Fight Harder for Freedom then Anyone Else
Athenians, whom he led, had proved by their new-born valor in
recent wars against the neighboring states, that "Liberty and Equality
of civic rights are brave spirit-stirring things and they who,
while under the yoke of a despot, had been no better men of war
than any of their neighbors, as soon they were free, became the
foremost men of all, for each felt that in fighting for a free
commonwealth, he fought for himself, and whatever he took in hand , he
was zealous to do the work thoroughly.
the nearly contemporaneous historian describes the change of
spirit that was seen in the Athenians after their tyrants were expelled;
and Miltiades knew that in leading them against the invading
army, where they had Hippias, the foe they most hated, before
them, he was bringing into battle no ordinary men, and could
calculate on no ordinary heroism.
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THE FOX AND THE GOAT
A fox one day fell into a deep well and
could find no means of escape. A Goat, overcome with thirst,
came to the same well, and seeing the Fox, inquired if the
water was good. Concealing his sad plight under a
merry guise, the Fox indulged in a lavish praise of the
water, saying it was excellent beyond measure, and
encouraging him to descend. The Goat, mindful
only of his thirst, thoughtlessly jumped down, but just as
he drank, the Fox informed him of the difficulty they were
both in and suggested a scheme for their common
escape. "If," said he, "you will place your forefeet
upon the wall and bend your head, I will run up your back
and escape, and will help you out afterwards." The Goat
readily assented and the Fox leaped upon his
back. Steadying himself with the Goat's horns, he safely
reached the mouth of the well and made off as fast as he
could. When the Goat upbraided him for breaking
his promise, he turned around and cried out, "You foolish
old fellow! If you had as many brains in your head as you
have hairs in your beard, you would never have
gone down before you had inspected the way up, nor have
exposed yourself to dangers from which you had no means of
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|Quotes & Jokes|
"The highest form of ignorance is when you reject something you don't know anything about"
Nothing is more terrible than to see ignorance in action.
Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
Ignorance is preferable to error; and he is less remote from the truth who believes nothing, than he who believes what is wrong.
Naivete in grownups is often charming; but when coupled with vanity it is indistinguishable from stupidity.
Eric Hoffer (1902-1983)
American philosopher and author.
Ignorance breeds monsters to fill up the vacancies of the soul that are unoccupied by the verities of knowledge.
Horace Mann (1796-1859)
There is one principle that can keep a man in everlasting ignorance. That is contempt prior to investigation.
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
English philosopher, biologist and sociologist.
To be conscience that you are ignorant is a great step to knowledge.
Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881)
British politician and author.
Ignorance is not innocence, but sin.
Robert Browning (1812 -1889)
A learned blockhead is a greater blockhead than an ignorant one.
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
American statesman, scientist and philosopher.
He was so learned that he could name a horse in nine languages; so ignorant that he bought a cow to ride on.
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
American statesman, scientist and philosopher.
Most ignorance is evincible ignorance. We don't know because we don't want to know.
Aldous Huxley (1894-1963)
"He must be very ignorant for he answers every question he is asked"
|Featured Tactical Gear|
VIPER Vest, MACTAC
A slimmed down and
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Ultra lightweight, low profile, and
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Made out of 500 Denier Cordura and strategically designed for
protection, utility and mobility without the weight.
Weight of vest = 1.3 lbs
(500 Denier Cordura, Front and Rear panel set-up without plates)
* Low profile front and rear hard plate carrier can be quickly placed on top of MBAV cut soft armor.
* (3) Internal magazine pouches bungee retention holds M-4, M-14, SCAR-H, and AK-47 magazines.
* Increased range of motion for both arms.
* No obstruction to shoulder weapon.
* More comfortable when the operator is vehicle mounted (no hydration bladder hump).
Note: Non-standard colors may carry a longer production lead time. Please call for availability.
"POLICE" VELCRO identification patches are sold separately
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In-line Water Filter
CAMPING, HIKING AND BACKPACKING WATER FILTERS
How the Filter Works:
GEIGERRIG'S Pressurized Hydration bladder pushes the water through the
inline water filter allowing you to drink fresh spring water while you
are on the go. Yes, carrying a 5oz water filter on your backpacking
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Filter Size: In-Line Portable Water Filter. 5.5 inches Long X 1 In. Diameter. Easily carried in our hydration packs.
Weight: 1.5oz If you want to save weight on your backpacking trip then the GEIGERRIG in-line water filter will help.
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In-Line Water Filter Care:
After each use fill your hydration bladder with clean water and flush
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Rig 500 Ballistic
oz., quick-release valves for drinking tube and pressurization tube
for easy refill and bladder removal, slide top for easy refill,
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Fabric: 100% Ballistic Nylon, 500 Cubic In. Dry Capacity
2.60 lbs or 1.18 kg
Zippers: Heavy Duty Size 8 Coil Zippers
I-Pod Ready Compartment w/ Waterproof drink tube and bite valve Garage
Removable Waist Strap
Don't like having a waist belt cinched tight or hanging free? Just
remove the waist belt and place it in one of your pack's storage
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Chest Strap: Integrated slider chest strap
Plug & Play Reservoir Tube Connector, PVC Reinforced Compression
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Raiders in the Marines
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3 pc 6" Rainbow Throwers
Rothco G.I. Type Ripple Sole Jungle Boots
10" - Desert Tan
- Heavy weight nylon & tan suede leather upper.
- Padded collar
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|AquaForce Digital Compass
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50M Water Resistant
PU Rubber Strap
Day & Date
Clichs of Socialism
"Private businessmen should
welcome government competition."
Castro commandeers property and takes dictatorial charge of
one major industry after another, hardly anyone
is fooled into believing that this is just another example
of good clean competition. But let American business or
professional people protest the entry of government
into such fields as electric power,
shipbuilding, and medical service, and immediately they will
be charged with unwillingness to face the rigors of
competition: Why shouldn't the government be
allowed to compete? Isn't the government just another
competitor-another business enterprise (as claimed, for
example, in advertisements of the Rural
Electrification Administration)-a "yardstick" (as claimed
for the TVA)?
are features of competitive private enterprise
that many persons do not fully appreciate. In the first
place, open competition affords no room for force; it is
contrary to the basic rules of voluntary
exchange to compel anyone to buy or sell anything. Free
trade occurs only when, and because, each party sees a gain
to himself from the transaction. No one needs to
rob or cheat or browbeat another to come out ahead when and
exchange is voluntary. A man may buy or reject whatever is
offered to him by any seller, and if he thinks
all suppliers are asking an exorbitant price for
any given item, he is free to enter the business himself.
That is another basic rule of competitive private
enterprise: force is not to be used to exclude
competitors from any business. That's what open
competition means-open to anyone who chooses to risk his own
resources on his own responsibility.
or defending the lives and property of peaceful
citizens is the proper business of government. And if
government is to serve effectively to suppress and
discourage private outbreaks of violence, fraud, deliberate
injury to peaceful persons, than government
needs to be the strongest force in the society. Government
involves force-a monopoly of legal force; and that's all it
is or ought to be. To the extent that government
functions properly and maintains the peace, individuals are
free to develop their individualities and serve themselves
and one another in optimum fashion through
competitive private enterprise and voluntary exchange.
shouldn't the government be allowed to compete
with entrepreneurs in the market place? Because government
is the police power, competent only to perform policing
functions. It has nothing to "sell"-except its
power to sue force. If government offers bread, it offers,
in effect, to force taxpayers to grow the wheat and mill it
and bake the loaf and distribute it. If
government offers money, it offers to take that money or its
equivalent purchasing power from productive individuals, by
force, if necessary. If government operates a
business enterprise, it first must force taxpayers to
provide the plant and equipment and personnel; in effect,
government must collect taxes or tribute from each
private operator in a given industry before it
can set itself up as a "competitor."
is government bound by any ordinary tests of
success or failure, profit or loss. As long as government
can collect taxes, it can't fail as a "competitor." No
matter how inefficient its operation. It can
thus bankrupt and drive from business the worst and the best
of all private operators. Government can, and sometimes
does, monopolize a peaceful business, such as
handling the mails; not because it is more efficient
than private operators but because it is powerful enough to
eliminate competition. It always tends toward monopoly.
businessman has every right to complain if
government enters his industry as a "competitor." How would
you like to compete in private business with someone who
could force you to provide his initial capital
and send you the bill for all his losses? Competition, in
the free market sense of the term, is a nonviolent, peaceful
attempt to win a customer's favor by serving
him best. Government's only proper role is to see
that force is not used against any customer or
against any active or potential competitor. When government
uses its force and power of taxation to enter the field of
business, that is tyranny, not competition.
|What Has Really Changed?|
American opportunity is like
the Chinese parade - you'll never
see the end of it
They used to say if the
Chinese people paraded four abreast you'd never see the end-young ones
would be added faster than old ones marched past and died.
That's the way with America.
You think you've filled one market and two new ones spring up. Thirty
years ago (when we made 3,000,000 cars a year) we were supposed to be
saturated. This year the number looks like 7,000,000 and more.
Look around your home or
farm-the things you need, to live a modern, comfortable life, will
startle you-modern heating and cooling; equipment to give you good
music; new books; some more cheerful wallpaper...and why not march down
and buy your wife a new dress!
More than a hundred years
ago the head of the U.S. Patent Office was so impressed with current
inventions that he predicted the time when "improvement must end". He
ought to see a modern computer!
Yet more and more people are
employed in America every year. If we all produce more efficiently,
costs and prices could come down so much that even more people would buy
more things, and even the youngsters who want them would all have jobs.
D-Day: The First Two Schlitz
Beers in Normandy
Sometime in the evening of June 5, 1944, a "stick" of
heavily loaded 101st Airborne paratroopers board their C-47 transport
before their jump into history in the skies of Normandy. Capt. Sam
Gibbons of the 501st carried a couple of additional non-issue items
along with him. National Archives photo
"My equipment was typical for the jump
that night," wrote Capt. Sam Gibbons of the 501st Parachute Infantry
Regiment, 101st Airborne Division "Screaming Eagles" in his memoir I Was
There. "Two parachutes - one main on my back and a reserve on my chest
in case the main malfunctioned - both camouflaged green and brown and
made of nylon (a brand new substance in those days). We had used some
silk ones in our early training. We all wore a Mae West,
inflatable-type, life jacket because we crossed 150 miles of ocean and
jumped near a river. Many were used that night.
"We also wore an equipment harness and
ammunition belt with thirty rounds of .45 caliber pistol ammo and about
one hundred rounds of .30 caliber rifle ammo, two hand grenades, a .45
caliber pistol [M1911], loaded and cocked, a .30 caliber folding stock
rifle [M1A1 carbine], loaded and cocked, a ten-inch-blade knife strapped
to the ... calf for hand-to-hand combat, a canteen with one quart of
water, one spoon and canteen cup used as a cooking utensil, some water
purification tablets, a combat first aid kit tied to the camouflage
material that covered our steel helmets (special helmet liner required
so helmet wouldn't be blown off in jump), special first aid kit
containing two shots of morphine, sulfa drugs and compress bandages to
stop bleeding. In a leg pocket we carried a British-made anti-tank mine
because there were plenty of tanks nearby ... an equipment bag
containing a raincoat, a blanket, toothbrush, toilet paper and six meals
of emergency K rations - a combination shovel and pick for digging in;
maps, flashlight, compass; also an 'escape kit' containing a very small
compass, small hacksaw blade, a map of France printed on silk and $300
worth of well-used French currency. This kit was enclosed in a
waterproof container measuring four inches by six inches by one-quarter
inch - everyone was encouraged to hide it in a different place on the
body - I carried mine inside my sock, just above boot top on my right
Former Congressman Sam Gibbons was a member of the U.S.
Army's 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment, serving in Europe on D-Day
and during the Battle of the Bulge. Photo courtesy of WUSF Public
"We wore our identification (dog tags) on a light metal
chain around our necks, taped together so they didn't click or rattle.
And at noontime before the invasion we had received our last surprise: A
"cricket." This was a metal device made partially of brass and
partially of steel. When you depressed the steel it made a snapping
sound or a "crick." And when you released the steel part, it would crick
again. This was something we had not counted on and had never heard
about, but it was to be our primary means of identification between
friend and foe during the night assault. We cricked them a few times and
rehearsed (we were to crick once and wait for a response of two cricks)
- laughing all the time..."
There were also two
non-issue items Gibbons jumped with that night: In his gas mask case,
instead of the gas mask, he had placed two cans of Schlitz beer.
with all this gear on me (the same for about 12,000 others), I was the
third man to step out of plane #42, and dropping 800 feet to start what
some have called 'The Longest Day.'" Gibbons, from Tampa, Fla., was 24
A captured German "Kubelwagen" is used by American
paratroopers of the 101st Airborne, touring the streets of Carentan,
France, June 14, 1944. National Archives photo
Millions of words have been written about
June 6, 1944, scores of films and hundreds of television documentaries
have been made. It was the day when the Allies began to take the
European continent back from the Nazis. Of all those stories, whether
the "big picture" histories of the strategies of opposing sides or the
more recent, personal stories being told, Gibbons' story, written in a
self-deprecating tone as it was in I Was There and popularized in Tom
Brokaw's The Greatest Generation, remains one that has always struck me
as somehow being indicative of the American paratroopers' fight during
that early morning of June 6, 1944, with a young captain abruptly thrust
into an unexpected leadership role, he and his men dropped far from
their objectives, lost and improvising their way through a night of
combat, and 'marching toward the sound of gunfire.'
the thousands of other paratroopers of the 101st, 82nd Airborne "All
Americans," and British 6th Airborne thumping to the ground that night,
Gibbons checked himself for all his component parts, got out of his
parachute harness, and began to search for other paratroopers from his
unit. After 45 minutes of crawling over and through hedgerows and
ditches, with the sound of gunfire rattling through the night, Gibbons
saw the distinctive outline of an American helmet silhouetted against
the sky, and after taking cover and raising his carbine, cricked his
"Instantly the response came back with two cricks,"
Gibbons wrote. "I felt a thousand years younger and both of us moved
forward so we could touch each other. I whispered my name and he
whispered his. To my surprise, he was not from my plane. In fact, he was
not even from my Headquarters group. He was a sergeant and lost, too."
In fact, most of the 101st and 82nd Airborne troopers had been dropped
miles from their objectives. Some groups of paratroopers managed to
reach and attack their objectives that night; many more were too far
away, but decided to move toward the nearest objective and start their
war there. The drop zones were so scattered that it caused the Germans
more confusion than it would have had the jumps gone off without a
hitch. The Germans couldn't make any sense of where the main
concentrations of paratroopers were or what their objectives were.
two moved off, collecting more paratroopers throughout the night,
including two more officers, as they moved toward St. Come-du-Mont,
which was at least one of the regiment's objectives, finally halting at
dawn to hold a war council on the best method of attacking the town.
the end of this council I brought out my two cans of beer, which we
shared," Gibbons wrote. "When the cans were empty we decided to leave
them in the middle of the road as a monument to the first cans of
Schlitz consumed in France and moved on."
President John F. Kennedy, flanked by Congressman Sam
Gibbons, arrives in Tampa, Nov. 18, 1963. Gibbons served for many
decades in the U.S. House of Representatives before retiring. National
In the following hours and days Gibbons
and other paratroopers would fight a series of small unit actions as
well as a major battle at Carentan. He and the 101st would go on to
seize four of five bridge objectives during Operation Market Garden,
hold Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, and capture Hitler's
"Eagles Nest" facility.
When the war in Europe ended, Gibbons
returned home, went to law school, and served in the U.S. House of
Representatives for 16 consecutive terms.
In 1994, President Bill Clinton appointed Gibbons general chairman of the 50th Anniversary of Normandy commemoration committee.
a White House dinner, Gibbons was brought two cans of Schlitz beer on a
silver platter. When the dinner was over, Gibbons took the two cans
with him, unopened.
Some time later that year, Gibbons returned
with his family to Normandy, where they drank those two cans of beer and
left them sitting on the road as a monument of a different sort, in the
same place where five decades earlier, a 24-year-old captain and a few
American paratroopers finished their shared beer, got back to their
feet, checked their weapons, and moved toward their objective.
The Stealth Debate
While some experts say stealth no longer matters, nations continue to develop signature reduction technologies
F-35A airframe Air Force-6 on its first night flight.
While the F-35 program has stealth as one of its requirements, other
aspects, such as the short takeoff/vertical landing requirement and
airframe commonality, have also been major drivers of the design.
Lockheed Martin photo by Tom Reynolds
importance of stealth as it applies to modern combat aircraft is at the
center of a growing debate. Framed by contemporary and future stealthy
tactical aircraft programs, including the most costly defense program in
history (the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, or JSF), and cheaper, more
conventional alternatives, the discussion has attracted a variety of
critics who contend that stealth technology is compromised and too
On the other hand, the United States, Russia, and
China are all investing heavily in signature reduction across the
spectrum (radar, IR, visual, aural). It begs the question: If stealth
isn't worth the money, why does everybody want it?
Having fielded stealthy tactical aircraft
since the 1960s, including the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird, Lockheed F-117
Nighthawk, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit, and Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor,
the U.S. Air Force (USAF) is the foremost exponent of stealth
technology among the world's air forces. The service's dedication to
stealth continues with its major commitment to the F-35.
The F-117A Nighthawk was
the world's first operational aircraft designed to exploit
low-observable stealth technology. This precision-strike aircraft
penetrated high-threat airspace and used laser-guided weapons against
critical targets. The F-117 Nighthawk's capabilities were based almost
totally on its stealth features, the aircraft being neither very fast,
agile, or heavily armed. Some analysts argue that making stealth the
primary design parameter of an aircraft today is a mistake. U.S. Air
Force photo by Master Sgt. Lance Cheung
USAF now has company when it comes to stealthy fighter aircraft in the
form of the Russian Sukhoi PAK FA T-50 and the Chinese Chengdu J-20.
Recent reports concerning both fifth-generation fighters have caused a
stir in the West, leading to speculation about the credibility of these
efforts and whether they further support the argument that stealth
technology is worth the investment.
We asked the Air Force a
number of questions related to its support for stealthy combat aircraft
but were unable to get answers by press time. So we pressed ahead with
input from two noted defense aviation experts.
vice president of analysis for the Teal Group (an aerospace/defense
market intelligence, analysis, and forecasting firm) and defense
aviation writer/commentator, views the Russian and Chinese stealthy
fighters with a jaundiced eye.
"My take might be a bit of a
departure but it seems to me that the only country that is actually
producing aircraft where stealth is one of the primary design and cost
drivers is the U.S.," Aboulafia said. "I look at T-50 and right now I
see a heavily modified Sukhoi-35 with a bunch of bells and whistles. And
the J-20 I regard as somewhere between serious agitprop and practical
joke-gone-horribly wrong. But there appear to be people out there with
serious credentials who take it seriously so maybe I'm wrong. I mean,
one of the very basic tenets of stealth design is that the best place
for a canard is on somebody else's aircraft!"
On the other hand,
Bill Sweetman, editor-in-chief for Defense Technology International,
characterizes the T-50 and J-20 as "tip of the spear" weapons, likely to
be fielded in smaller numbers than the JSF initially and with an
alternative slant on stealth.
"I think they need to
be taken very seriously," Sweetman said. "If you look at both aircraft
as they exist today, I don't think the approach to stealth is quite the
same as has been practiced in the U.S. Certainly, the T-50 is a
compromise between stealth and high performance but without getting into
the extremes of power, cost, complexity, and size that characterize the
F-22. I'm certain that Russia and China have looked at what has
happened in the U.S. and have adjusted their approach accordingly. Even
the U.S. can't afford the F-22."
that the Chinese stealth fighter may be more about image than reality,
but acknowledges that the Russian aircraft is more serious.
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An Empty Battlefield?Will precision weapons proliferation limit land force engagement in future conflicts?
Afghan National Army from the 2/2/207th Kandak, Italian
Army Operational Mentoring Liaison Team, and Marines from the Marine
Corps Forces Special Operations Command conduct a combat
reconnaissance patrol around the mountains of Bagwa, Farah province,
Afghanistan, Feb. 26, 2010. The constant engagement in two wars has
prevented the in-depth study of the role precision munitions will play
on the battlefield of the future. Technology will give the infantry
of the future focus on a wider area. U.S. Air Force photo by Senior
Airman Nicholas Pilch
The demands of two wars have driven American doctrine,
training, and acquisition to such an extent that the question, "How will
we fight the next conflict?" has been largely neglected for years. The
oversight is particularly obvious when it comes to our military's land
forces, honed for a decade by America's occupation and counterinsurgency
The defense establishment has begun to seriously
grapple with the possibilities of the next war. The threat scenarios of
the future and the recent past have common elements, but none may be
more strategically and tactically important than the availability of
precision munitions (PMs).
Once the technological
"silver bullets" of a handful of nation states, precision munitions are
now within reach of most countries and a variety of non-state actors.
While the U.S. military has employed them in greater numbers and with
greater efficacy than any other force, it has never faced a peer enemy
with high-end precision munitions.
But what if that
happens? What would the implications for the land battlefield be? What
demands would such a scenario make on ground forces? Would units need to
be dispersed and downsized, maintaining contact and command via
networks? Would they rely on portable air defense systems? How would
they maneuver, gather intelligence, and maintain situational awareness?
In the face of weapons several orders of magnitude more lethal than
conventional weapons of the past, would the modern land battlefield have
radically fewer boots on the ground?
We posed these questions, strategic and
tactical, to Col. William G. Braun (Ret.) and Col. Jay Peterson. Braun
is a research professor of national security studies and analysis,
Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College. Peterson is deputy
commandant of the U.S. Army Infantry School at Fort Benning, Ga.
A U.S. Army soldier demonstrates the Joint Tactical
Radio System as part of the Army's Network Integration Evaluation 12.1.
As the battlefield becomes more and more dominated by precision
munitions, the information acquired from advanced networks will be more
important to link smaller units separated by distance. U.S. Army photo
challenge of a sophisticated opponent with precision munitions is one
U.S. land forces are less than optimally prepared for, Braun said.
think that there's a genuine concern with our state of readiness and
what part of land force capabilities and skill sets have atrophied."
He quickly added that our assumptions of future peer-to-peer warfare need to be tempered by strategic probability.
the near term, I think it's going to be what the [recent] literature
suggests, more of the kinds of things we see now. There are always a
couple likely peer competitor candidates in the world. They have as much
at stake in [employing] a strategy that avoids peer-to-peer conflict as
we do. So the more likely concern in terms of precision weapons on the
battlefield is the 'hybrid threat,' where there is some conventional
force capability mixed with an insurgent/criminal network - call it the
Such conventional forces can
punch above their weight using precision munitions, particularly when
partnered with intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and
other technological assets that may be covertly provided by an ally. And
as demonstrated in Iraq and Afghanistan, they will likely use effective
but less "sexy" precision munitions.
"As we're thinking about
this, I wouldn't strictly think about high-technology stuff," Braun
said. He contends that with their affordability and easier
accessibility, low-end PMs - from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) to
less sophisticated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) - will play a role
on a hybrid battlefield.
Ironically, a peer opponent might not use high-end precision munitions as we expect against land forces, Braun said.
you did confront a peer that had high-end precision capability in great
depth, it would seem to me that they would use such expensive and
effective weapons against more valuable soft targets than land forces.
I'd be more concerned with air defenses and naval or missile defense
systems that could protect critical infrastructure, economic hubs, or
soft targets. You'd expect we'd make our land forces more difficult to
engage with those weapons so the likelihood of their employment would be
against something other than a land force."
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Sailors Feel The Heat
Hot topic: training sailors to fight fires, control damage, and help them save their ship
"If the ship does not sink within a very few minutes after damage, she probably will survive for several hours."
Self-Defense Force sailors fight a simulated berthing fire while
training at the Center for Naval Engineering Firefighting School at
Naval Base San Diego. Twenty-four Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
sailors assigned to the Atago-class guided-missile destroyer JS
Ashigara (DDG 178) received damage control training from their U.S. Navy
counterparts during two days of instruction at the facility. U.S. Navy
photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class James R. Evans
- The Handbook of Damage Control, Naval Damage Control Training Center, Philadelphia, May 1945
For sailors on a fighting ship, fire is not a friend. But don't be alarmed. These shipboard firefighters are well trained.
must be lethal, able to inflict damage. They must also be survivable,
and able to absorb damage and maintain mission integrity. Loaded with
fuel and explosives, any fire or damage could be catastrophic.
Firefighting on a warship combines urgency with danger, combustion with
There are new technologies and concepts in
training for shipboard casualties. But realistic training ultimately
requires sailors to fight fires face-to-face. A variety of firefighting,
damage control and survival training facilities are available around
the world, where the trainees can feel the heat.
U.S. Navy and French navy sailors assigned to the
guided-missile cruiser USS Vicksburg (CG 69) and the French navy
destroyer FS Cassard (D614) train together during a damage control
drill aboard Vicksburg. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication
Specialist 3rd Class Nick C. Scott
A crew must be
trained to do the right thing, and do it quickly. Thorough and realistic
training can truly save lives, and the ship, especially before the
extent of the damage gets out of control. According to a World War II
Navy manual, The Handbook of Damage Control, published by the Naval
Damage Control Training Center, Philadelphia in May 1945, "If the ship
does not sink within a very few minutes after damage, she probably will
survive for several hours."
8,000 students per year are trained in live firefighting techniques at
the U.S. Navy's Officer Training Command (OTC) in Newport, RI. Students
from OTC and Surface Warfare Officer School, along with Naval Readiness
Command One, the U.S. Naval Academy, Coast Guard, and foreign navies are
trained here. The 19F3A Trainer is a three-story building which can
simulate ship's engine, boiler, and supply rooms, CIC, laundry,
electrical, berthing and galley compartments, and simulates 15
different types of shipboard fires by burning propane gas and dispersing
non-toxic simulated smoke. It is a busy place, employed on a 10 hour
per day, five day per week, and 50 week per year schedule.
damage control trainer, affectionately known as USS Buttercup, is the
U.S. Navy's only free-floating flooding trainer. New officers learn
shipboard damage control procedures and techniques, then demonstrate
proficiency in the trainer as water floods through a variety of broken
pipes, cracks and holes and they try to stop the flooding and save the
ship. The trainer lists up to ten degrees during the flooding
All U.S. Navy recruits undergo a capstone
experience called Battle Stations 21 at the conclusion of their training
at Great Lakes. Each recruit division spends an entire night in the USS
Trayer, which simulates a guided missile destroyer. The recruits
practice everything they've learned in Boot Camp, as they handle stores,
fight fires, move ammunition from flooded compartments and respond to
casualties. At the end of the immersive, realistic and exhausting series
of scenarios, they remove their "Recruit" ball caps and are presented
with U.S. Navy sailor ball caps.
Damage Controlman 2nd Class Erik Borgess, an instructor
at the Damage Control A School, helps a midshipman from the University
of Memphis Naval ROTC unit egress from a flooding shipboard
compartment in the Wet Trainer of the Damage Control A School. The 18
midshipmen participated in Navy training and toured Recruit Training
Command. U.S. Navy photo by Scott A. Thornbloom
Other firefighting and damage
control trainers are located at different fleet concentration areas,
such as Norfolk, Great Lakes, Mayport and San Diego. Submarine damage
control trainers are located at the Submarine School in New London as
well as at other submarine ports. The United States also
employs contractor training. Fremont Maritime Services in Seattle
provides High Risk Firefighting and Damage Control Training Courses for
Navy, Coast Guard and Army Watercraft personnel, as well as commercial
Firefighting trainers used to use kerosene. In the
case of a helicopter trainer, the "aircraft" would be doused with fuel
and ignited, and the fire party being trained would approach and
extinguish the fire. In some cases, this resulted in petroleum seeping
into the earth and the groundwater. Today, all U.S. Navy firefighting
trainers use propane.
The Royal Australian Navy's School of Ship
Survivability and Safety near HMAS Creswell on Jervis Bay is a CBRN and
damage control training facility and includes two firefighting training
units and a ship simulator with floodable compartments known as
The Royal Navy's Sea Survival Training Center at
Horsea Island in Portsmouth, U.K., trains sailors in the proper wearing
of life jackets and survival suits; abandoning ship procedures;
deployment and management of life rafts; effective operation of
emergency location aids; treating the sick and injured, including 'cold
shock' and exposure in open water.
The Canadian Navy sends all
naval recruits receive to two weeks of training in damage control at
Damage Control Training Facility (DCTF) Galiano (named after the only
Canadian naval vessel lost during the World War I) at CFB Esquimalt in
British Columbia or DCTF Kootenayat Halifax. There is also an annual
requirement for the entire ship's company from all fleet units to
undergo two-day damage-control organization team training (DCOTT). The
facilities offer specialized and advanced training for helicopter
firefighting and chemical, nuclear and biological response.
A Royal Canadian navy firefighter wears the
self-contained breathing apparatus while exercising at the Damage
Control Division in Esquimalt, B.C. DND photo
training doesn't end after completing the school. In addition to formal
training with simulators, ships exercise their firefighting teams
regularly so crewmembers can work together when necessary to save their
Being able to save a ship means knowing what to do before a
fire or flooding, and to be able to function even in heat, smoke and
chaos. On a 4,800-ton frigate like HMCS Calgary, that means knowing
where the 46 fire hydrant risers are instelled inside and outside the
skin of the ship, as well as the ready-to-use 1.5-inch lines with foam
applicators. Because Halon is still used in engine room turbine
enclosures and other critical spaces, those sailors must know about the
danger of being in a space where Halon replaces breathable air.
port, U.S. Navy ships usually muster their duty section damage control
teams on a daily basis, and respond to various casualties, including
firefighting, flooding, and rescue and assistance.
USS Wasp (LHD 1), the DCs run a Damage Control Academy (DCA) to teach
newly reporting crewmembers the right way to work as a team against
potentially catastrophic fire, flooding and other damage. The five-day
class includes both classroom instruction and practical instruction,
such as how to put on and use a self-contained breathing apparatus
"Our purpose is to give crew members a
general knowledge of damage control so that they will be able to fight
fires and other hazards without getting hurt," said Damage Controlman
3rd Class (SW) Samuel Moore, one of DCA's instructors on the Wasp.
"These skills allow you to become more well-rounded as a sailor and
better able to take care of the ship and its equipment. We also give
them a general knowledge of the ship as a whole."
"If an emergency happens and you dial 9-1-1,
we're the ones who respond," said Damage Controlman 2nd Class (SW/AW)
Adrian Edwards, Wasp's DC office work center supervisor. "But we also
train the rest of the crew to fight fires because there's always the
chance that we could be incapacitated in some way."
A Nigerian firefighting team practices hose handling
during a damage control drill aboard the guided-missile frigate USS
Robert G. Bradley (FFG 49) as part of Africa Partnership Station (APS)
West. APS is an international security cooperation initiative designed
to strengthen global maritime partnerships through training and
collaborative activities to improve maritime safety and security in
Africa. U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class
The U.S. Navy
also conducts training and drills with other navies, such as the West
African nations that participate in Africa Partnership Station.
Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division is responsible for
simulators, including the firefighting and damage control trainers.
Damage Control Specialists
every sailor on a ship is trained to help save the ship, the experts
are the Damage Controlmen (DCs). They are responsible for damage
control, ship stability, firefighting, fire prevention, and chemical,
biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) warfare defense. They
operate the specialized equipment, maintain vital systems and train
In 1948, the Damage Controlman rating was
established as a result of the consolidation of the Specialist (F) (Fire
Fighters), Carpenter's Mate, Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Joiners),
Carpenter's Mate (SR) (Builders), and Painter ratings.
The duties performed by DCs include:
repairing and maintaining installed firefighting systems and equipment,
damage control equipment, and chemical, biological and radiological
- training shipboard personnel in the
operation, maintenance and repair of damage control systems and
equipment, life saving devices, and various firefighting methods;
- performing emergency repairs to decks, structures and hulls by emergency pipe patching, plugging, and shoring;
- performing maintenance and repair of watertight closures and assorted fittings;
- performing emergency repairs to piping fittings and fixtures;
- acting as the ships Fire Marshal and firefighting leaders;
- training ship's company in chemical, biological and radiological defense
Bullets by the Billions:
Chrysler Switches World War II Production from Cars to Cartridges
A World War II 70th Anniversary Web Article
Here, women workers are
conducting a visual inspection of cartridge cases. Workers were trained
to spot 10 different defects. National Archives photo
"Charley, in war you can't say no. If they want 12,500,000 rounds a day, we'll have to give it to them somehow."
- Chrysler President K.T. Keller to Chrysler Vice President Charles L. Jacobson
In mid-December 1941, as a war industry Office
of Production Management meeting in Washington, D.C., was concluding,
an OPM official asked Chrysler president K.T. Keller if the company had
an available factory with a lot of water. After thinking for a moment,
Keller replied, "We have a Plymouth assembly plant at Evansville, Ind.,
on the Ohio River." The OPM man escorted Keller to the office of
then-Lt. Col. Guy H. Drewry of Army Ordnance. Drewry told Keller the
army needed three to five billion .45 caliber cartridges. He asked
Keller if Chrysler could make them at Evansville.
This photo shows workers performing the 15th step in
the production process, making the final trim of the cartridge case.
With so many men being drafted, the war opened opportunities for a
major expansion of women in the workforce. National Archives
Without pausing, Keller said, "Yes."
The startled Drewry asked, "Do you always make up your mind this fast?"
always, Colonel," Keller replied. "But we have been hearing more and
more about billions in recent years. I still can't imagine what a
billion is like, so I'd like to make billions of something and find
Like the other automobile manufacturers, Chrysler had for
the past three years devoted a small percentage of its production
fulfilling for the military what were known as "educational orders" -
small production runs of various military items, the purpose of which
was to work out production problems in the boardroom and on the shop
floor in advance of America entering the war. With the country now a
belligerent, this pre-war exercise between industry and the military,
not always harmonious, was being put to the test.
Within a week of Keller's meeting in
Washington, Chrysler vice president Charles L. Jacobson, tasked with
organizing and running the new operation, got an Army Ordnance team to
inspect and approve the Evansville plant and a letter of intent for the
making of 5,000,000 .45 caliber cartridges a day.
Charles L. Jacobson, vice president of sales for
Chrysler, was the plant manager of the Evansville arsenal. National
One week later, Army Ordnance phoned Jacobson and increased the order to 7,500,000 rounds a day.
twenty-four hours Army Ordnance again called and gave Jacobson another
change order - increasing production to 10,000,000 rounds a day. Before
the month ended, that number had jumped yet again to 12,500,000 rounds.
Jacobson had doubts such an order could be fulfilled, but with Keller
telling him to make it happen, Jacobson worked out a co-production
agreement with Sunbeam, who had a plant near Evansville. On Feb. 18,
1942, Washington's Birthday, the formal contract with the government was
signed. The transformation of the Evansville plant from assembly line
to arsenal began the next day.
Cartridges made at the Evansville
arsenal had seven parts, passed through 48 processing operations, and
had to survive 334 quality control inspections. On June 30, 1942, the
first bullets produced there were test fired. From June 1942 to April
20, 1944 when the contract ended, Chrysler's Evansville arsenal produced
96 percent of the military's .45 caliber cartridges: 3,264,281,914
rounds. Rejection rate of cartridges was less then .1 percent of
It also produced almost a half-billion .30 caliber
cartridges, hundreds of thousands of specialty rounds, reconditioned
1,662 Sherman tanks, rebuilt 4,000 Army trucks, delivered 800,000 tank
grousers (track extensions for use in mud), and was preparing to make 7
million fire bombs when the war ended.
Because there was a shortage of rolling mills,
rather than copper, most of the cartridges out of Evansville were made
out of steel, not brass. New technology and equipment had to be
developed to make sure steel cartridges were as reliable as brass ones.
A Sherman tank showing grousers, manufactured at the
Evansville arsenal, mounted on its treads. The grousers were tread
extensions that gave additional traction in mud or snow. National
the early summer of 1943, the Evansville arsenal won the coveted
Army-Navy "E" - Excellence - Pennant. In presenting it to the workers,
Lt. Col. Miles Chatfield of the Army's Ordnance Department said, "Ninety
days after you broke ground, you proof-fired the first ammunition made
at this plant. When the Chief of Ordnance asked you to switch from brass
to steel you did the seemingly impossible and then when you were asked
to convert some of your machines to .30 caliber carbine ammunition, you
made the first cup within a week and two weeks later you proof-fired the
first round of that ammunition. This all adds up to a remarkable
accomplishment performed by those inexperienced in the ways of making
ammunition, but with a willingness and devotion to patriotic duty second
There are only two kinds
of people that understand Marines: Marines and the enemy.
Everyone else has a second-hand opinion.
Gen. William Thornson, U.S. Army
a Marine what's so special about the Marines and the answer
would be "Esprit de Corps," an unhelpful French phrase that
means exactly what it looks like - the Spirit of the Corps. But
what is that spirit? And where does it come from?
Marine Corps is the only branch of the U. S. Armed Forces that
recruits people specifically to fight. The Army emphasizes
personal development (an Army of One), the Navy promises fun
(let the journey begin), the Air Force offers security (it's a
great way of life). Missing from all the advertisements is the
hard fact that a soldier's life is to suffer and perhaps
to die for his people and take lives at the risk of his own.
Even the thematic music of the services reflects this evasion.
The Army's Caisson Song describes a pleasant country outing;
over hill and dale, lacking only a picnic basket. Anchors
Aweigh, the Navy's celebration of the joys of sailing, could
have been penned by Jimmy Buffet. The Air Force song is a lyric
poem of blue skies and engine thrust. All is joyful, and
invigorating, and safe. There are no land mines in the dales,
nor snipers behind the hills, no submarines or cruise missiles
threaten the ocean jaunt, no bandits are lurking in the wild
Hymn, by contrast, is all combat: "We fight our Country's
battles," "First to fight for right and freedom," "We have
fought in every clime and place where we could take a gun," "In
many a strife we have fought for life and never lost our nerve."
The choice is made clear.
You may join the Army to go to adventure training, or join
the Navy to go to Bangkok , or join the Air Force to go to
the Marine Corps to go to War! But the mere act of signing the
enlistment contract confers no status in the Corps. The Army
recruit is told from his first minute in uniform that "You're in
the Army now, soldier." The Navy and Air Force enlistees are
sailors or airmen as soon as they get off the bus at the
training center. The new arrival at Marine Corps boot camp is
called a recruit, or worse (a lot worse), but never a MARINE.
Not yet, maybe never. He or she must earn the right to claim the
title of UNITED STATES MARINE, and failure returns you to
civilian life without hesitation or ceremony.
Platoon 2210 at San Diego , California trained from October
through December of 1968. In Viet Nam the Marines were taking
two hundred casualties a week and the major rainy season and
Operation Meade River had not even begun. Yet Drill
Instructors had no qualms about winnowing out almost a quarter
of their 112 recruits, graduating only 81. Note that this was
post-enlistment attrition. Every one of those 31 who were
dropped had been passed by the recruiters as fit for service.
But they failed the test of Marine Corps Boot Camp! Not
necessarily for physical reasons. At least two were outstanding
high school athletes for whom the calisthenics and running were
child's play. The cause of their failure was not in the biceps
nor the legs, but in the spirit. They had lacked the will to
endure the mental and emotional strain so they would not be
Marines. Heavy commitments and high casualties not withstanding,
the Corps reserves the right to pick and choose whether you are
seeing a truck driver, a computer programmer or a machine gunner
or a cook or a baker. The Marine is amorphous, even anonymous,
by conscious design. The Marine is a Marine. Every Marine is a
rifleman first and foremost, a Marine ... First, Last and
Always! You may serve a four-year enlistment or even a
twenty-plus-year career without seeing action, but if the word
is given you'll charge across that Wheatfield! Whether a Marine
has been schooled in automated supply or automotive mechanics or
aviation electronics or whatever is immaterial.
things are secondary - the Corps does them because it must. The
modern battle requires the technical appliances and since the
enemy has them, so do we. But no Marine boasts mastery of them.
Our pride is in our marksmanship, our discipline, and our
membership in a fraternity of courage and sacrifice. "For the
honor of the fallen, for the glory of the dead," Edgar Guest
wrote of Belleau Wood . "The living line of courage kept the
faith and moved ahead."
are all gone now, those Marines who made a French farmer's
little Wheatfield into one of the most enduring of Marine Corps
legends. Many of them did not survive the day and eight
long decades have claimed the rest. But their actions are
immortal. The Corps remembers them and honors what they did and
so they live forever. Dan Daly's shouted challenge takes on its
true meaning - if you lie in the trenches you may survive for
now, but someday you may die and no one will care. If you charge
the guns you may die in the next two minutes, but you will be
one of the immortals.
Marines die in either the red flash of battle or the white cold
of the nursing home. In the vigor of youth or the infirmity of
age all will eventually die, but the Marine Corps lives on.
Every Marine who ever lived is living still, in the Marines who
claim the title today.
that sense of belonging to something that will outlive our own
mortality, which gives people a light to live by and a flame to
mark their passing.
Passed on to a Marine from another Marine and to his friends!
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