In combat, the function of camouflage is simple: it’s meant to hide a soldier and his equipment from the enemy’s sights. Ever since the beginning of human civilization, people have used camouflage in one form or another. However, it’s only in the past 100 years that this military clothing type has played its biggest role yet in most countries’ military operations. An article from Modern Survival Blog reveals five types of camouflage being used by various branches of the US military today.

Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP)

The UCP, also referred to as Army Combat Uniform (ACU) or Digital Camouflage (digicam), is the pattern used by the US Army. The UCP was based on the Urban Track pattern, modified by removing the black color and then adding a pixelated design. Black was removed from the uniform because it’s not commonly found in nature.

Multi-environment Camouflage Pattern

The MultiCam Pattern is a 7-color camouflage pattern designated as Operation Enduring Freedom Camouflage Pattern (OCP). It’s designed for use by the US Army in varied environments, elevations, seasons, and light conditions. Aside from the Army, some American special operations units and civilian law enforcement agencies are also known to use this type of camouflage pattern.

Marine Pattern Uniform (MARPAT)

The MARPAT is a digital camouflage pattern used by the US Marines. It is similar to UCP, the difference being that it uses a much paler three-color scheme of grey, sand, and sage green. It is considered highly effective because it can mimic the rough boundaries and dappled textures that appear in nature.

Navy Working Uniform (NWU)

Based on the MARPAT uniform, the NWU uses a multi-color digital print pattern similar to those in use by other services. The difference is that the NWU comes in three variants: one comes in a woodland digital pattern, the other in a desert digital pattern, and yet another that comes in predominantly blue with a few hints of gray. The last variant is meant for sailors and shipboard use.

Airman Battle Uniform (ABU)

The ABU is a service-distinctive uniform for the US Air Force. It is similar to the ACUPAT in color, with the inclusion of slate blue. It replaced the Battle Dress Uniform (BDU) on November 1, 2011 after BDUs were no longer authorized for wear by airmen.

These types of military uniforms and more are sold by online military gear vendors like Special Forces. Their online catalog contains different types of military pieces, from clothing items and accessories to actual tactical gear.

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